DEV Community

Naveen Dinushka
Naveen Dinushka

Posted on

Converting React Forms to Formik and Yup

Managing form state and validation in React applications can quickly become cumbersome, especially as forms grow in complexity. Here's where Formik and Yup come to the rescue! Formik is a popular form management library that simplifies state handling, while Yup provides a robust schema-based approach to validation. By combining these powerful tools, you can create clean, maintainable, and well-validated React forms.

Step-by-Step Guide

  1. Installation:

Begin by installing Formik and Yup using npm or yarn:

   npm install formik yup
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode
  1. Basic Formik Setup:

Import the Formik component from Formik and wrap your existing form with it. Define an object for initialValues that holds the starting state of your form fields:

   import { Formik } from 'formik';

   function MyForm() {
     return (
         initialValues={{ username: '', password: '' }} // Initial state
         {/* Rest of your form will go here */}
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode
  1. Creating Fields with Formik:

Replace your standard HTML input elements with Formik's Field component. Set the name prop on Field to match the corresponding key in initialValues:

   <Field type="text" name="username" placeholder="Username" />
   <Field type="password" name="password" placeholder="Password" />
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Formik automatically handles form state updates based on user interactions with these fields.

  1. Validation with Yup:

Yup allows you to define validation schemas using methods like object, string, and validation rules. Here's an example schema for username and password:

   import * as Yup from 'yup';

   const validationSchema = Yup.object().shape({
     username: Yup.string().required('Username is required'),
     password: Yup.string().min(6, 'Password must be at least 6 characters').required('Password is required'),
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Pass this schema to the validationSchema prop of the Formik component:

     initialValues={{ username: '', password: '' }}
     // ...
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode
  1. Handling Form Submission:

Define the onSubmit function within the Formik component. This function receives form data when the form is submitted:

   onSubmit={(values) => {
     console.log(values); // Access username and password from values object
     // Handle form submission logic here (e.g., send data to server)
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode
  1. Displaying Errors and Touched State:

The Field component provides a meta prop with information about the field's state. Use meta.error to conditionally render error messages:

   {errors.username && touched.username && <div className="error">{errors.username}</div>}
   {errors.password && touched.password && <div className="error">{errors.password}</div>}
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Use meta.touched to display validation messages only after a field has been interacted with. This improves the user experience by avoiding overwhelming the user with upfront validation.

Additional Considerations

  • Custom Components: Create reusable form components that utilize Formik's Field component for better code organization.
  • Advanced Features: Explore Formik hooks for more granular control, custom validation messages, and handling form submission errors.


Formik and Yup empower you to build robust and user-friendly forms in React. By leveraging their capabilities, you can streamline form management, reduce boilerplate code, and ensure a smooth user experience with clear and effective validation. Refer to the official documentation of Formik and Yup for in-depth exploration and advanced use cases.

Absolutely! Here's an enhanced knowledge check section with a variety of question formats to test your Formik and Yup knowledge:

Knowledge Check

Ready to solidify your understanding of Formik and Yup? Take this knowledge check and try answering the questions without peeking at the answers below. Once you've attempted them all, feel free to scroll down to reveal the answers.

Multiple Choice:

  1. Which of the following statements describes a benefit of using Yup for form validation?

    • a) Automatic form submission handling
    • b) Defining clear and reusable validation rules
    • c) Direct integration with browser validation messages
    • d) Pre-built validation functions for all form field types
  2. How does Formik handle form state updates in a React application?

    • a) Manually using the useState hook for each field
    • b) Automatically based on user interactions with Field components
    • c) Requiring a separate state management library
    • d) By leveraging the browser's built-in form state handling

True or False:

  1. The validationSchema prop in Formik is mandatory for all forms, even if no validation is required.

Fill in the Blank:

  1. When using the Field component from Formik, the ______________ prop on the meta object provides access to validation error messages for that specific field.

Short Answer:

  1. Briefly explain the concept of "touched" state in the context of Formik and Yup, and how it can improve the user experience.


Multiple Choice:

  1. b) Defining clear and reusable validation rules
  2. b) Automatically based on user interactions with Field components

True or False:

  1. False. The validationSchema prop is only necessary if you want to implement form validation in your Formik form.

Fill in the Blank:

  1. error

Short Answer:

The "touched" state in Formik and Yup refers to whether a specific form field has been interacted with by the user. This is important for displaying validation messages only after a user has entered or interacted with a field. This improves the user experience by avoiding overwhelming users with upfront validation and providing targeted feedback based on their actions.

Top comments (0)