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How to make your Rust project management successful?

The module system in Rust provides a range of features for organizing your code, such as controlling what details are public or private and managing the scope and names of items within your programs. This system comprises several features, including:

  • Packages
  • Crates
  • Modules

Why do we need crates?

Crates provide a way to modularize code. This means that code can be organized into smaller pieces that can be used independently of each other. This is especially important for large projects, where it can be difficult to keep track of all the code in one place.
Crates also provide a way to share code between different projects. This is important for two reasons. First, it allows different projects to reuse code that has already been written, which saves time and effort. Second, it allows different projects to use the same code base, which makes it easier to maintain and update the code.

Crates are the key to successful Rust project management. By keeping your project's dependencies isolated in crates, you can ensure that your project will build and run correctly on any platform. Crates also allow you to manage your project's dependencies more effectively, by allowing you to specify exactly which versions of each crate your project depends on.
Crates allow you to modularize your code, and they provide a way for you to manage dependencies between different parts of your codebase.
We need to distanguish two types of crates:

  • binary crates can be compiled to executables program.
  • library crates are simply libraries as other programming language

What are packages?

Package is a group of crates that do things.
A package may contain one or more crates.
A package is declared in cargo.toml.
Packages allow you to divide your code into logical units that you can reuse in other projects.
This can help to organize and maintain your code.
It also allows you to easily share code with other developers.
Cargo will generate a new project including the cargo.toml
file for you when you create it.
create a new package:

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This cargo.toml contains information about your project, including its dependencies (packages that your project needs to compile). You can edit this file to add new dependencies or remove existing ones.

What are modules?

Modules in Rust are a way to organise related code in a hierarchical fashion, similar to how folders organise files on your computer.
Modules enable you to break down your codebase into smaller, more manageable chunks, making it easier to find and reason about your code.

Modules in Rust also aid in code encapsulation and privacy by limiting the visibility of code elements to other parts of the programme. They also facilitate code reuse by allowing you to use the use keyword to bring functionality from other modules into your own code.

Modules in code:

mod my_module {
    // define functions and variables here
    pub fn hello_world() {
        println!("Hello, world!");

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In the above code, we defined a module named my_module and added a function called hello_world to it. We also added the pub keyword before the function name to make it public and accessible from outside the module.

To use this module in another file, you can use the use keyword followed by the path to the module. Here's an example:


mod my_module;

fn main() {

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In conclusion, in Rust you can organise your code into smaller parts called "crates" and "modules". This allows you to better structure your code and refer to code defined in one section from another. Crates are like standalone libraries that can be used in multiple projects, whereas modules are like crate sub-sections that contain related code. Modules allow you to divide your code into smaller, more manageable chunks and refer to functions or variables defined in one module from another.

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