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Naftali Murgor
Naftali Murgor

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ES6: Object destructing

Introduction

In this blog article, we shall learn about Object destructing in JavaScript. Object destructuring syntax was introduced in ES6 to make accessing Object properties much easier and cleaner

Object destructing

In pre-ES6, normally you'd read object properties and store the values associated to these properties in a variable like this:

// some code omitted
const result = {
  userId: 'dummy_id_001`,
  username: 'foo_bar'
  avatar: 'https://gravatar/xrkpxys/k1szh.png',
  accent: '#fff'
}

// reading a few properties off this object literal: pre-es6
var username = result.username
var accent = result.accent
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In ES6, the above becomes:

// some code omitted
const result = {
  userId: 'dummy_id_001`,
  username: 'foo_bar'
  avatar: 'https://gravatar/xrkpxys/k1szh.png',
  accent: '#fff'
}

// reading a few properties off this object literal: pre-es6
let {username, accent, userId} = result
// now use username, accent as normal variables
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This is useful especially if you need to read more than one property from the same object.

Summary

Object destructuring syntax provides a cleaner way of accessing more than one property off an object literal.

Use object destructuring when accessing more than one property of an object and pre-ES6 syntax(using the "dot" operator) when accessing only one object.

// possible code ommitted
const username = result.username // OK for single property
const {accent, avatar, userId} = result // use object destructing
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