A. Arnold, A. Einav:

"Large-time convergence of the non-homogeneous Goldstein-Taylor equation";

Journal of Statistical Physics,182(2021), 41.

The Goldstein-Taylor equations can be thought of as a simplified version of a BGK system,where the velocity variable is constricted to a discrete set of values. It is intimately related toturbulent fluid motion and the telegrapher´s equation. A detailed understanding of the largetime behaviour of the solutions to these equations has been mostly achieved in the case wherethe relaxation function, measuring the intensity of the relaxation towards equally distributedvelocity densities, is constant. The goal of the presented work is to provide a general method totackle the question of convergence to equilibrium when the relaxation function is not constant,and to do so as quantitatively as possible. In contrast to the usual modal decomposition ofthe equations, which is natural when the relaxation function is constant, we define a newLyapunov functional of pseudodifferential nature, one that is motivated by the modal analysisin the constant case, that is able to deal with full spatial dependency of the relaxation function.The approach we develop is robust enough that one can apply it to multi-velocity Goldstein-Taylor models, and achieve explicit rates of convergence. The convergence rate we find,however, is not optimal, as we show by comparing our result to those found in [8].

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10955-021-02702-8

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