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How to trap focus in react

mohitkyadav profile image Mohit Kumar Yadav ・1 min read

Use following keyDownHandler on div you want to trap focus


  const keyDownHandler = (e) => {
    // only execute if tab is pressed
    if (e.key !== 'Tab') return

    // here we query all focusable elements, customize as your own need
    const focusableModalElements = modalRef.current.querySelectorAll(
      'a[href], button:not([disabled]), textarea, input, select'
    )

    const firstElement = focusableModalElements[0]
    const lastElement =
      focusableModalElements[focusableModalElements.length - 1]

    // if going forward by pressing tab and lastElement is active shift focus to first focusable element 
    if (!e.shiftKey && document.activeElement === lastElement) {
      firstElement.focus()
      return e.preventDefault()
    }

    // if going backward by pressing tab and firstElement is active shift focus to last focusable element 
    if (e.shiftKey && document.activeElement === firstElement) {
      lastElement.focus()
      e.preventDefault()
    }
  }

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