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Mpho Mphego
Mpho Mphego

Posted on • Originally published at blog.mphomphego.co.za on <time datetime="2021-02-07T15:15:48Z" class="date-no-year">Feb 7</time>

How To Fork A Subdirectory Of Repo As A Different Repo On GitHub

The Story

Ever wanted to fork a subdirectory and not the whole Git/GitHub repository. Well I have, I recently had to fork a subdirectory of one of the repositories I wanted to work on without the need to fork the whole repository. In this post, I will show you how it's done.

Note: I do not think you can fork subdirectories through GitHub's web interface

The How

Clone the repo

git clone https://github.com/<someones-username>/<some-repo-you-want-to-fork>
cd some-repo-you-want-to-fork
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Create a branch using the git subtree command for the folder only

git subtree split --prefix=./src -b dir-you-want-to-fork
git checkout dir-you-want-to-fork
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Create a new GitHub repo

Head over to GitHub and create a new repository you wish to fork the directory to.

Add the newly created repo as a remote

cd some-repo-you-want-to-fork
git remote set-url origin https://github.com/<username>/<new_repo>.git
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Push the subtree to the new repository

git fetch origin -pa
git push -u origin dir-you-want-to-fork
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Fetch all remote branches in the new repository

git clone https://github.com/<username>/<new_repo>.git
cd new_repo
git checkout --detach
git fetch origin '+refs/heads/*:refs/heads/*'
git checkout dir-you-want-to-fork
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You now have a "fork" of the src subdirectory.

Merge to main/dev branch (troubleshooting)

If you ever run git merge master and get the error fatal: refusing to merge unrelated histories; run

git checkout dir-you-want-to-fork
git merge --allow-unrelated-histories master
# Fix conflicts and
git commit -a
git push origin dir-you-want-to-fork
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Reference

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