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Cover image for Flutter Row widget cheat sheet everything you need to know

Flutter Row widget cheat sheet everything you need to know

mightytechno profile image Mighty Updated on ・6 min read

Row widget in Flutter uses to display the multiples child horizontally. Row widget accepts an array of child and you can add any no of widgets.

But when using a row widget there are some tips you need to remember

1.Row widget is not a scrollable widget
2.Row widget cannot have a more widget than it can show in the available room and it consider as an error.

Height of the Row widget

The row adjusts its size based on the child content. Therefore you can control the height of the row by controlling the height of the child widgets.

Add Spacing between children in Row widget

If you want to add space between child widget inside a row there are multiples ways to do that.

You Can simply add a SizedBox to add space between widgets.

        Row(
        children: [
                      Container(height: 100, width: 100, color: Colors.red),
                      SizedBox(width: 20,),
                      Container(height: 100, width: 100, color: Colors.green)
                ],
          )

Add Spacing between children in Row widget

Adding Spacer widget between the two widgets will also make a space between those widgets. It will take all the available space and align other widgets to the left corner and right corner

Row(
      children: [
                Container(height: 100, width: 100, color: Colors.red),
                Spacer(),
                Container(height: 100, width: 100, color: Colors.green)
              ],
        )

Add Spacing between children in Row widget

Add background colour to Row

There is no direct property to set the background colour to Row widget. But you can wrap row inside a Container and add a background colour to the container.

 Container(
        color: Colors.black,
        child: Row(
            children: [
                                Container(height: 100, width: 100, color: Colors.red),
                                SizedBox(width: 20),
                                Container(height: 100, width: 100, color: Colors.green)
                    ],
                ),
          )

Change width of a row

Row normally takes available space and we can control that by wrapping inside a Container or SizedBox widget. You can wrap the Row inside the Container and add width to the container. Then the Row will take the same width as a Container

Container(
            width: 350,
            color: Colors.white,
            child: Row(
              children: [
                Container(height: 100, width: 100, color: Colors.red),
                Container(height: 100, width: 100, color: Colors.blue)
              ],
            ),
          )

Change width of a row

Handle row overflow issue

If you added a widget which can’t fit into the current frame, it will show an error with the yellow strip by saying overflow. This happens because the row widget is not scrollable.

There are mainly two solutions for that.

1.If you need to show all items in a horizontal row you must use ListView instead of Row
2.If you want to move an item to next row you can use Wrap widget instead of row widget

How to use mainAxisAlignment to align children inside a row

The main axis of the Row widget is x-axis( horizontal way). There are multiple ways to align in the main axis.

MainAxisAlignment.start

Align all children to close to the start of the main Axis. This start position identify based on the text direction. If you set textDirection to TextDirection.rtl it will consider start position as right instead of left.

Row(
          mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.start,
          children: [
                            Container(width: 100, height: 100, color: Colors.red,),
                            Container(width: 100,height: 100,color: Colors.green,),
                            Container(width: 100,height: 100,color: Colors.blue,),
                      ],
        )

MainAxisAlignment to align children inside a row

MainAxisAlignment.end

Align all children to end of the main axis. End position identifies base on textDirection.

 Row(
          mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.end,
          children: [
                            Container(width: 100, height: 100, color: Colors.red,),
                            Container(width: 100,height: 100,color: Colors.green,),
                            Container(width: 100,height: 100,color: Colors.blue,),
                      ],
        ),
      )

MainAxisAlignment to align children inside a row

MainAxisAlignment.spaceAround

Place space evenly between the children and also half of the space before and after the first and the last child.

 Row(
          mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.spaceAround,
          children: [
                            Container(width: 100, height: 100, color: Colors.red,),
                            Container(width: 100,height: 100,color: Colors.green,),
                            Container(width: 100,height: 100,color: Colors.blue,),
                 ],
        )

MainAxisAlignment to align children inside a row

MainAxisAlignment.spaceBetween

Place free space evenly between the children.

 Row(
          mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.spaceBetween,
          children: [
                            Container(width: 100, height: 100, color: Colors.red,),
                            Container(width: 100,height: 100,color: Colors.green,),
                            Container(width: 100,height: 100,color: Colors.blue,),
              ],
        )

MainAxisAlignment to align children inside a row

MainAxisAlignment.spaceEvenly

Place space evenly between the children as well as space before and after the first and last child.

 Row(
          mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.spaceEvenly,
          children: [
                            Container(width: 100, height: 100, color: Colors.red,),
                            Container(width: 100,height: 100,color: Colors.green,),
                            Container(width: 100,height: 100,color: Colors.blue,),
                  ],
        )

MainAxisAlignment to align children inside a row

What is Cross Axis of Row widget and How to align in Cross Axis

In the Row widget vertical direction consider as the cross axis. There are multiple properties available to align in Cross Axis.

CrossAxisAlignment.start

This will place the children with their start edge align with the start of the cross axis. verticalDirection property can use to specify the direction whether from down to top or top to down.

 Row(
          crossAxisAlignment: CrossAxisAlignment.start,
          verticalDirection: VerticalDirection.down, //start from top and lay to bottom
          children: [
            Container(width: 100, height: 100, color: Colors.red,),
             Container(width: 100,height: 100,color: Colors.blue,),
          ],
        )

Cross Axis of Row widget

CrossAxisAlignment.end

This will place the children to the end of the cross axis.

  Row(
          crossAxisAlignment: CrossAxisAlignment.end,
            children: [
                                Container(width: 100, height: 100, color: Colors.red,),
                                 Container(width: 100,height: 100,color: Colors.blue,),
                              ],
        )

Cross Axis of Row widget

CrossAxisAlignment.center

This will place the children to align their center to the middle of cross axis.

  Row(
          crossAxisAlignment: CrossAxisAlignment.center,
          children: [
            Container(width: 100, height: 100, color: Colors.red,),
             Container(width: 100,height: 100,color: Colors.blue,),
          ],
        ),
      )

Cross Axis of Row widget

CrossAxisAlignment.baseline

Place children alone cross axis to match baseline. When you use baseline you has to set textBaseline property also.

  Row(
          crossAxisAlignment: CrossAxisAlignment.baseline,
          textBaseline: TextBaseline.alphabetic,
          children: [
            Text("Hello1",style: TextStyle(fontSize: 80,color: Colors.green,decoration: TextDecoration.underline),),
            Text("Hello2",style: TextStyle(fontSize: 30,color: Colors.amber,decoration: TextDecoration.underline))
          ],
        )

Cross Axis of Row widget

CrossAxisAlignment.stretch

Required child to fill the cross axis.

  Row(
          crossAxisAlignment: CrossAxisAlignment.stretch,
          children: [
                             Container(width: 100, height: 100, color: Colors.red,),
                             Container(width: 100,height: 100,color: Colors.blue,),
                      ],
        )

Cross Axis of Row widget

Conclusion

I hope you get a better idea about row widget and how to use each property.

Originally published at mightytechno

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