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Inheritance without extends

mhddurrah profile image MOHAMD DORRA ・2 min read

Yes, inheritance means adding or changing the behavior of a class by a sub class
the traditional way of doing inheritance is by extending a class adding new methods.
Let us take an example from Java world

Super class

extending this class to add a new behavior can be done directly and easily:


nice !

But here the inheritance is static, I need to create a new class for every new functionality.
Another way of adding functionality come from Design Patterns world, it is
the Visitor Pattern which basically “represents an operation to be performed on the elements of an object structure.” but also can be utilized to define a new operation without changing the class.
One mandatory pre-requirement for this pattern is to implement it :), the implementation is adding a behavior to the class to accept the Visitor.


Visitor is an interface with single (or multiple) method(s)

Visitor Interface

Let us implement the Sub class simulator ->

Visitor Implementation

But we had to add a new class for the new functionality! , Yes, but the good thing is that we can add the functionality dynamically to single objects of the class (the same idea applied in Decorator Pattern)

Visitor Tester

adding another Visitor with lambda expressions

Using Lambda

A full snippet

This will not give a full control and capabilities of traditional inheritance but it helps :)

As a final note: try to support visitor pattern whenever possible in your classes :)

all comments are welcomed.

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