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Nicklas Gellner for Medusa

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From PHP to JS ecommerce: Migrate from Magento and stay open source 🤩

If you are a fan of open source and ever been wanting to build ecommerce, you've probably been considering Magento.

But then again you might have hesitated because it is in PHP and not JS / Typescript-based.

We got your back. Here's how to quickly shift to a ecom framework that is:

  • Open source (MIT licensed)
  • Javascript and Typescript based
  • Easier to handle than Magento with better DevEx

Tell me more

In this article, we’ll share with you the brand new Medusa plugin, Magento Source Plugin, which allows you to import your products and categories from Magento into Medusa - an open source Node.js ecommerce platform.

Why Migrate

Medusa and Magento both provide essential ecommerce features. However, some of Medusa’s advantages include:

  • Composable Architecture: Medusa’s composable architecture speeds up development processes and gives absolute freedom in building the full architecture of the ecommerce system.
  • Flexibility and Customization: You have full freedom in choosing what components go into your tech stack, including storefront, third-party services, and custom features.
  • Use of Modern Technologies: You can handpick different components of your tech stack (e.g. Jamstack storefronts) or update the different components of your stack independent of one another.

For a thorough comparison, please see this post.


If you like Medusa, please give Medusa a 🌟 on GH

GitHub logo medusajs / medusa

The open-source Shopify alternative ⚡️

Medusa

Medusa

Documentation | Medusa Admin Demo | Website

An open source composable commerce engine built for developers

Medusa is released under the MIT license. Current CircleCI build status. PRs welcome! Product Hunt Discord Chat Follow @medusajs

Getting Started

Follow our quickstart guide to learn how to set up a Medusa server.

Requirements

You can check out this documentation for details about setting up your environment.

What is Medusa

Medusa is an open source composable commerce engine built with Node.js. Medusa enables developers to build scalable and sophisticated commerce setups with low effort and great developer experience.

You can learn more about Medusa’s architecture in our documentation.

Features

You can learn about all of the ecommerce features that Medusa provides in our documentation.

Roadmap

Write-ups for all features will be made available in Github discussions before starting the implementation process.

2022

  • Admin revamp
  • Tax API
  • Tax Calculation Strategy
  • Cart Calculation Strategy
  • Customer Groups API
  • Promotions API
  • Price Lists API
  • Price Selection Strategy
  • Import / Export API
  • Sales…

Magento Source Plugin

The Magento source plugin is a plugin that you can install on a Medusa server to import your products and categories from a deployed Magento store. This plugin facilitates your move from a Magento store to a Medusa store.

Limitations

Magento has 6 product types. As some of those types don't exist in Medusa, only the Configurable and Simple products can be imported.

Simple and Configurable products that are part of Bundled or Grouped products will still be imported into Medusa.

Prerequisites

You must have a Medusa server installed. You can follow the Quickstart guide to install a Medusa server in three steps.

Furthermore, the Medusa server should have PostgreSQL and Redis installed and configured on your Medusa server.

Create Magento Integration

For Medusa to connect to Magento’s APIs, you need to create an integration in Magento. You’ll then receive the authentication keys that you need for the Medusa plugin.

Log in to your Magento admin, then go to System -> Integrations and click on Add New Integrations.

You need to give the integration access to the following resources:

  • Catalog (with its child resources).
  • Stores -> Settings (with its child resources).
  • Stores -> Attributes (with its child resources).

Once you’re done, click Save.

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Then, on the Integrations listing page, click on the Activate link. Click on the Allow button to confirm allowing access to the requested resources.

You’ll then see four keys: Consumer Key, Consumer Secret, Access Token, and Access Token Secret. You’ll need these keys for the Medusa plugin.

Install Magento Source Plugin

On your Medusa server, run the following command to install the Magento Source plugin:

npm install medusa-source-magento
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Then, in .env, add the following environment variables:

MAGENTO_URL=<YOUR_MAGENTO_URL>
CONSUMER_KEY=<INTEGRATION_CONSUMER_KEY>
CONSUMER_SECRET=<INTEGRATION_CONSUMER_SECRET>
ACCESS_TOKEN=<INTEGRATION_ACCESS_TOKEN>
ACCESS_TOKEN_SECRET=<INTEGRATION_ACCESS_TOKEN_SECRET>

# optional
MAGENTO_IMAGE_PREFIX=<YOUR_MAGENTO_IMAGE_PREFIX>
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Where:

  • <YOUR_MAGENTO_URL> is the URL of your Magento service. It shouldn’t end with a backslash.
  • <INTEGRATION_CONSUMER_KEY>, <INTEGRATION_CONSUMER_SECRET>, <INTEGRATION_ACCESS_TOKEN>, <INTEGRATION_ACCESS_TOKEN_SECRET> are the keys you received after creating the integration
  • <YOUR_MAGENTO_IMAGE_PREFIX> is optional and should only be used if you don’t use Magento’s default media storage. If you use, for example, S3, then you should include the URL prefix of media files here to retrieve the images properly.

Next, add the following in medusa-config.js to the plugins array:

const plugins = [
  //...
  {
    resolve: `medusa-source-magento`,
    //if your plugin has configurations
    options: {
      magento_url: process.env.MAGENTO_URL,
      consumer_key: process.env.CONSUMER_KEY,
      consumer_secret: process.env.CONSUMER_SECRET,
      access_token: process.env.ACCESS_TOKEN,
      access_token_secret: process.env.ACCESS_TOKEN_SECRET,
            //optional
      image_prefix: process.env.MAGENTO_IMAGE_PREFIX
    },
  },
];
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If you didn’t add the MAGENTO_IMAGE_PREFIX environment variable then don’t pass the image_prefix property.

How to Use the Plugin

Server Start-Up

After installing the plugin, every time you start the Medusa server the plugin will import the products and categories from Magento in the background.

You can start the Medusa server with the following command:

npm start
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You can check that the products are added either using the List Products endpoint or using the Medusa Admin.

Image description

Triggering Import

Alternatively, you can trigger importing products while the Medusa server is running using Batch Jobs. Batch Jobs in Medusa allows you to run an extensive task asynchronously.

To trigger an import, send a request to the Create Batch Job endpoint with the following payload:

{
    "type": "import-magento",
    "context": { },
    "dry_run": false
}
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What’s Next?

You can do so much more with Medusa after importing your data! You can:

Should you have any issues or questions related to Medusa, then feel free to reach out to the Medusa team via Discord.

Top comments (15)

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nicklasgellner profile image
Nicklas Gellner

The feeling as a Magento-developer after this

Medusa swag

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nevodavid profile image
Nevo David

Honest question,
Are people still using Magento?

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nicolasdanelon profile image
Nicolas Danelon

they are. yes. and also Prestashop :) those are great products. And you own your data.. do you own you data with Shopify? (I already know the answer)

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nicklasgellner profile image
Nicklas Gellner

Indeed data ownership is a problem with many of the proprietary providers. Part of the reasoning why we see a big uptake in the usage of OS solutions.

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nicklasgellner profile image
Nicklas Gellner

Not if they knew what was out there 😎

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tutaru99 profile image
SimasR

Yeah, they are.

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nicklasgellner profile image
Nicklas Gellner

Magento is still one of the most used OS solutions in ecom. Question is whether their dominance is due to their strong legacy or future outlook. My guess is mostly the former :-)

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nobleokechi profile image
Noble Okechi

This is amazing

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nicklasgellner profile image
Nicklas Gellner

Thanks!! 🔥🔥

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antoninobonumore profile image
Antonino Bonumore • Edited on

Image description

As Magento developer, my last problem is importing products and categories (also because most of the time they are coming from a PIM).

I think that if you played with the migration tool of Magento you can see an huge technical difference on the approach on topic.

If you want to talk about migration the following topics must be included:

  • customers
  • products, attributes, categories (multilanguages and stores ?)
  • orders
  • discount rules
  • customer groups

Otherwise we are simply speaking about an import of entities, not a full migration.

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nicklasgellner profile image
Nicklas Gellner

Yes, a full migration will require much more than a what can be handled by the source plugin in its current form - and also takes longer time as all of this is not 1:1 replicable as you point out. This is just a good starting point :-)

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nicolasdanelon profile image
Nicolas Danelon

but why?

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nicklasgellner profile image
Nicklas Gellner

To give a headless alternative to the PHP-based solutions out there. Also seems like Magento has been neglecting a lot of their OS focus since the Adobe acquisition.

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sanjay_pasari profile image
Sanjay Pasari

Nice

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ardakivancyildirim profile image
ardakivancyildirim

😂😂

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