Let's start this by revisit macos Big Sur oldest supported device. MacBook Pro (Retina, 13-inch, Late 2013) is one of them. Yet, I try to install it on my device a month ago, bugs exist but not stop the device to work; after a while I turn off the device.
There are bugs that I cannot mitigate, one of them is (turn on) File Vault made my device fails to login. I've tried reset SMC, PRAM/NVRAM, even reset password from iCloud. Yes, there will be workaround like reinstall macos and disable File Vault after that or revert them using Time Machine. Note, this is the reason why you should backup your files before upgrade your OS.
I prefer install Linux at the point that no workaround left for me. I didn't backup my previous OS using Time Machine and important files already on my external disk. I choose Ubuntu because the server and container project use the same distro. One environment less maintenance burden.
Skip the install process, because we already feed by amount of tutorial before decided to install Linux on Mac. Proceed to the next step, boot. First boot to the device I got nothing but black blank screen. Mitigated this by boot from the same USB installer to install the distro, detailed step:
Press alt on the first chime and choose EFI from boot device which is the USB Installer, then add
nomodesetparameter on the first boot option. You could change this by pressing letter
eon the selected option.
Once you boot to Ubuntu, choose try ubuntu without install. Open terminal and mount the boot/efi partition. There will be two folder
grub, you need to backup two files here.
cp -b /boot/efi/EFI/ubuntu/grubx64.efi /boot/efi/EFI/ubuntu/shimx64.efi cp -b /boot/efi/EFI/ubuntu/grubx64.efi /boot/efi/EFI/BOOT/BOOTX64.efi
Boot to Ubuntu success and you don't need to install another driver here. Wifi working fine, display show no glitch but sound not working even if you set the volume to the highest. I try to install pavucontrol to see what the volume slider on the setting use for. You could do so by using command
sudo apt install pavucontrol. My device show dummy-output, which is default if the mixer fail to detect the soundcard or driver not exist. Mitigated this using these steps:
Check mixer using
alsamixer, you should see your soundcard and the volume setting on each. If there are no soundcard add
options snd-hda-intel model=auto dmic_detect=0on the last line of
/etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf. You should use sudo here.
Create alsa config on
sudo alsa force-reloadafter put content on it. I use nano to edit the file here,
$ touch .asoundrc $ nano .asoundrc # put these inside the file # defaults.pcm.!card 1 # defaults.ctl.!card 1
Reload alsa with
sudo alsa force-reloadand make sure pulse is running
I don't use orca (screen reader) so uninstall this along with its dependencies. This is optional if your speaker still not working.
# check if orca is running $ ps aux | grep speech $ ps aux | grep orca # remove them $ sudo apt remove --auto-remove speech-dispatcher # remove them and their deps $ sudo apt purge --auto-remove speech-dispatcher
These step, in my case also fix red light on headphone jack, which you can quick fix by select
Analog Surround 2.1 Output on Sound configuration but not fix the sound problem.
Update: Three weeks after use this ubuntu version with wayland as its default windowing system.
Touch-pad do not respond to click, or double click. This issue happen not so often, or at least after logout for a while (> 1 min). Mouse affected same way with touch-pad, as I try to mitigate this issue with wireless mouse or wired mouse. The only workaround with this issue is restart
gdm, which in my case will switch windowing system to X11.
# press Ctrl+Alt+T if your keyboard still working $ sudo systemctl restart gdm3.service # wait until window restart, # may take a while on blank screen $ sudo nano /etc/gdm3/custom.conf # Find line below and uncomment the next line to disable wayland on gdm # Uncomment the line below to force the login screen to use Xorg # WaylandEnable=false
I found another issue even after update the latest patch, will add another if any.
Hope this will help you, thank you for reading.