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Masui Masanori
Masui Masanori

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[ASP.NET Core][Entity Framework Core] Logging for xUnit projects

Intro

To debug testing codes, I want to add loggers into my xUnit project.

Environments

  • .NET ver.6.0.101
  • Microsoft.NET.Test.Sdk ver.16.11.0
  • xUnit ver.2.4.1
  • xunit.runner.visualstudio ver.2.4.3
  • coverlet.collector ver.3.1.0
  • Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Sqlite ver.6.0.1
  • Moq ver.4.16.1

Add loggers

In xUnit projects, I can't use "Console.WriteLine()" to log.
According to the document, to run tests in parallel, I should use "ITestOutputHelper".

BookTest.cs

using Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore;
using Microsoft.Extensions.Logging;
using Moq;
using Xunit;
using BookshelfSample.Books;
using BookshelfSampleTest.Models;
using BookshelfSample.Models;
using BookshelfSample.Models.SeedData;
using Xunit.Abstractions;

namespace BookshelfSampleTest.Books;
public class BooksTest: IDisposable
{
...
    private readonly ITestOutputHelper output;
    public BooksTest(ITestOutputHelper output)
    {
        this.output = output;
        this.output.WriteLine("Hello");
...
    }
    public void Dispose()
    {
        this.databaseFixture.Dispose();
    }
...
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To output logs, I have to add "logger" option into "dotnet test" command.

dotnet test BookshelfSampleTest --logger "console;verbosity=detailed"
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Result

Image description

How I shall run tests?

As same as this post, I run tests by ".NET Core Test Explorer" on VSCode.

But the logs aren't written in "OUTPUT" tab.

Test run for /home/example/Documents/workspace/BookshelfSample/BookshelfSampleTest/bin/Debug/net6.0/BookshelfSampleTest.dll (.NETCoreApp,Version=v6.0)
Microsoft (R) Test Execution Command Line Tool Version 17.0.0
Copyright (c) Microsoft Corporation.  All rights reserved.

Starting test execution, please wait...
A total of 1 test files matched the specified pattern.
Results File: /tmp/test-explorer-kxye5v/0.trx

Passed!  - Failed:     0, Passed:     1, Skipped:     0, Total:     1, Duration: < 1 ms - /home/example/Documents/workspace/BookshelfSample/BookshelfSampleTest/bin/Debug/net6.0/BookshelfSampleTest.dll (net6.0)
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Because I use NLog in the ASP.NET Core project, I tried to use NLog in the xUnit project.
But I couldn't resolve the problem.

And I also tried "xunit.NLog".
However, it didn't seem to be compatible with .NET 6.

So when I want to log some data to write test codes, I run tests by command.
After finishing creating them, I run them by ".NET Core Test Explorer".

For Entity Framework Core projects

To log Entity Framework Core projects, I can add "ITestOutputHelper" into DbContext options.

SharedDatabaseFixture.cs

using BookshelfSample.Models;
using Microsoft.Data.Sqlite;
using Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore;
using Xunit.Abstractions;

namespace BookshelfSampleTest.Models;
public class SharedDatabaseFixture: IDisposable
{
    private readonly ITestOutputHelper output;
    private readonly SqliteConnection connection;
    public SharedDatabaseFixture(ITestOutputHelper output)
    {
        this.output = output;
        this.connection = new SqliteConnection("DataSource=:memory:");
        this.connection.Open();
    }
    public void Dispose() => this.connection.Dispose();
    public BookshelfContext CreateContext()
    {
        var result = new BookshelfContext(new DbContextOptionsBuilder<BookshelfContext>()
            .UseSqlite(this.connection)
            .EnableSensitiveDataLogging()
            .LogTo(this.output.WriteLine)
            .Options);
        result.Database.EnsureDeleted();    
        result.Database.EnsureCreated();
        return result;
    }
}
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