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Manav Codaty
Manav Codaty

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Building a RESTful API with Flask in Python: A Beginner's Guide


RESTful APIs are a popular way to structure web APIs. They are lightweight, scalable, and easy to understand. Flask is a Python framework that makes building RESTful APIs simple and elegant.

In this blog post, we'll walk through the basics of creating a RESTful API with Flask. We'll cover:

  • What are RESTful APIs?
  • Why use Flask for building APIs?
  • Setting up a Flask project
  • Creating API endpoints
  • Handling requests and responses

What are RESTful APIs?

REST stands for Representational State Transfer. A RESTful API adheres to a set of architectural principles that make it easy to develop and use. These principles include:

  • Client-server architecture: Clients (like web applications) make requests to servers (like your API)
  • Stateless communication: Each request from a client should contain all the information the server needs to respond.
  • Resource-based: APIs expose resources, and clients interact with these resources using HTTP methods like GET,POST, PUT, and DELETE.

Why use Flask for building APIs?

Flask is a lightweight web framework that makes it easy to get started with building web applications and APIs. Here are some reasons to use Flask for building RESTful APIs:

  • Simple and easy to learn: Flask has a clean and concise syntax, making it easy for beginners to pick up.
  • Flexible: Flask gives you a lot of control over your application's structure.
  • Scalable: Flask applications can be easily scaled to handle large amounts of traffic.

Setting up a Flask project

  1. Install Flask: using pip
pip install Flask
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  1. Create a Python file: Create a new Python file, for example,

Creating API endpoints

An API endpoint is a URL that represents a resource. Flask uses decorators to define routes for your API. Here's a simple example of a Flask route that returns a JSON object:


from flask import Flask

app = Flask(__name__)


def hello_world():

return {'message': 'Hello, World!'}

if __name__ == '__main__':
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In this example, the @app.route('/') decorator defines a route for the root URL (/). The hello_world function is called whenever a client makes a GET request to this URL. The function returns a dictionary that is automatically converted to JSON by Flask.

Handling requests and responses

Flask provides ways to handle different HTTP methods in your API endpoints. Here's an example of an endpoint that handles GET and POST requests:


from flask import Flask, request

app = Flask(__name__)

@app.route('/users', methods=['GET', 'POST'])

def users():

if request.method == 'GET':

# Get all users

return {'users': []}  # Implement logic to get users

elif request.method == 'POST':

# Create a new user

return {'message': 'User created successfully!'}  # Implement logic to create user


return {'error': 'Method not allowed'}, 405  # Return error for unsupported methods

if __name__ == '__main__':
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This example shows how to use the request object to get information about the request, such as the HTTP method and request body. The function returns a dictionary and a status code to indicate the outcome of the request.


This is a very basic introduction to building RESTful APIs with Flask. With Flask, you can create powerful and scalable APIs for your applications. There are many resources available online to learn more about Flask and RESTful API design.Here are some suggestions for further learning:

I hope this blog post has helped you get started with building RESTful APIs with Flask!

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