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Box Layout In Reusable Components for Mobile App Development

madrafj profile image Ahmad Rafsanjani Updated on ・2 min read

Hello everyone, I am Ahmad. It's my second post and my first post about React. Here's my thought:

How I design the layout of react.js app?

Before, I always use anything convenient to make all elements fit the screen. I use grid, flex, and absolute positioning anywhere without rules.

But recently I stuck to this rule( especially for mobile development ):

Grid for layout and flex for reusable components positioning

Grid for Layout

You can use one column grid layout for group-box of components in general. Then you can specify the inner layout of a group-box, if there is a horizontal( read: grid-column ) layout or even a vertical( grid-row ) layout.
Alt Text
Alternatively you can combine vertical and horizontal layout using grid-span or grid-template-areas. Just do what convenient to your app.

/* Template_Example: css */
.view  { display: grid; grid-template-rows: 1fr 2fr 9fr 3fr; }
.modal { display: grid; grid-template-rows: 1fr 2fr 2fr 3fr; }
.nav   { display: grid; grid-template-columns:  1fr 1fr 1fr; }
.control {
  display: grid;
  grid-template-areas: "left right" "left right" "footer footer";
}
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Flex for Component Positioning

I wrapped every small component or composite component in a box( div ), and add flexbox to the box so we could positioning its content relative to the box.

/* Component_Pattern */
function Component(props) {
  return (
    <div className={props.boxClass}>
      <ChildComponent  />
    </div>
  )
}
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See picture below, I made nine flex class for component positioning from top-left to bottom-right. It doesn't have to be all nine, it depend on your app.
Alt Text

/* Template_Example: css */
.f1 { display: flex; justify-content: flex-start; align-items: flex-start; }
.f2 { display: flex; justify-content: center;     align-items: flex-start; }
.f3 { display: flex; justify-content: flex-end;   align-items: flex-start; }
.f4 { display: flex; justify-content: flex-start; align-items: center;     }
.f5 { display: flex; justify-content: center;     align-items: center;     }
.f6 { display: flex; justify-content: flex-end;   align-items: center;     }
.f7 { display: flex; justify-content: flex-start; align-items: flex-end;   }
.f8 { display: flex; justify-content: center;     align-items: flex-end;   }
.f9 { display: flex; justify-content: flex-end;   align-items: flex-end;   }
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Here's an example in CodePen.

That's it. Feel free to leave a comment below.

Edit:
Actually There's a better solution for better readability (minimize div usage) using Grid only and place-self property. Check this [article]

on place-self section. By using place-self, flexbox for positioning won't be necessary.

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