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Madhu Saini
Madhu Saini

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All About Custom Hooks: Supercharge Your React Components


Welcome to the world of React custom hooks! In this comprehensive guide, we'll delve deep into the realm of custom hooks, exploring how they empower developers to write cleaner, more reusable code in React applications. Whether you're a seasoned developer or just starting your journey with React, understanding custom hooks is key to unlocking the full potential of the framework. So, let's embark on this journey together and unravel the mysteries of custom hooks!

What are Custom Hooks?

Custom hooks represent a groundbreaking feature introduced in React 16.8. They provide developers with a powerful mechanism to extract reusable logic from components into standalone functions. These functions adhere to a simple naming convention – they must start with the prefix "use" – and can leverage both built-in React hooks like useState, useEffect, and useContext, as well as other custom hooks.

By encapsulating complex logic within custom hooks, developers can foster code reuse, improve maintainability, and enhance the overall architecture of their React applications.

In short,

  • use Prefix: Custom hook names typically begin with the use prefix, signifying their connection to state management.
  • Return Values: A custom hook can return one or more values, usually a combination of state variables and functions that operate on that state.

Why Do We Need Custom Hooks?

The need for custom hooks arises from the inherent complexity of building modern web applications. As React applications grow in size and complexity, managing stateful logic within components becomes increasingly challenging. Custom hooks offer a solution to this problem by providing the following benefits:

  • Code Reusability: Custom hooks enable developers to encapsulate logic and share it across multiple components, thereby reducing code duplication and promoting modularity.

  • Simplified Component Logic: By extracting complex logic into custom hooks, developers can keep their components focused on presentation, leading to cleaner and more maintainable code.

  • Enhanced Testability: Custom hooks facilitate better testing practices by allowing logic to be tested independently of components, resulting in more robust and reliable tests.

Basic Syntax of Custom Hooks

Creating custom hooks follows a simple syntax that mirrors the structure of built-in React hooks. Let's break it down:

import { useState, useEffect } from 'react';

function useCustomHook(initialValue) {
  const [value, setValue] = useState(initialValue);

  useEffect(() => {
    // Effect logic here
  }, [value]);

  return [value, setValue];

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In this example:

  • We define a custom hook named useCustomHook.
  • Inside the hook, we use useState to manage state and useEffect to perform side effects.
  • The hook returns stateful values and functions to update them, mimicking the behavior of built-in React hooks.

Create Your Own Custom Hook

Let's dive into creating a custom hook together. We'll start with a basic one that helps us interact with local storage in our React app.

export const useLocalStorage = () => {
  const setLocalStorage = (name, value) => {
    window.localStorage.setItem(name, JSON.stringify(value))
    return true

  const getLocalStorage = (name) => {
    return JSON.parse(window.localStorage.getItem(name) || '{}')

  const clearLocalStorage = (name) => {
    return window.localStorage.removeItem(name)

  return { setLocalStorage, getLocalStorage, clearLocalStorage }

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Example: Using the useLocalStorage Hook in a Component:
Now that we have our custom hook, let's see how we can use it in a React component:

import React from 'react';
import { useLocalStorage } from './useLocalStorage';

function MyComponent() {
  const { getLocalStorage, setLocalStorage, clearLocalStorage } = useLocalStorage();

  const handleSave = () => {
    setLocalStorage('name', 'John Doe');

  const handleClear = () => {

  const storedName = getLocalStorage('name');

  return (
      <button onClick={handleSave}>Save Name</button>
      <button onClick={handleClear}>Clear Name</button>
      <p>Hello, {storedName || 'Stranger'}!</p>

export default MyComponent;

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In this example:

  • We import our useLocalStorage hook.
  • We use it to interact with local storage in our component.
  • We provide functions to set, get, and clear data stored in local storage.


Custom hooks are your trusty sidekicks for building cleaner, more maintainable React apps. With just a little bit of magic, you can encapsulate common tasks, reuse code, and simplify your components. So go ahead, give custom hooks a try, and watch your React skills grow! Happy coding!

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