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Letícia Vieira
Letícia Vieira

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What is React.cloneElement() function?

When building web applications with React, one of the most important goals is to create reusable, modular components. This allows developers to easily reuse components in different parts of their application, making the development process faster and more efficient. One of the tools that developers can use to achieve this goal is the React.cloneElement method.

According to the official React documentation, React.cloneElement is used to clone a React element and pass new props to it. This means that you can reuse a component multiple times in your application, but with different properties, styles or behaviors. For example, imagine you have a Card component that is used in multiple pages of your application, but in some situations, you want it to have a different background color or image. With React.cloneElement, you can easily clone the card component and pass new props to it, without having to create a new implementation of the component.

With React.cloneElement, you can clone the card component and pass new props to it without having to create a new implementation of the component.

Let’s walk through an example to see when it’s useful.

import React from 'react';

function Card(props) {
  const cardStyle = {
    backgroundColor: 'white',
    padding: '10px',
    border: '1px solid #ccc'

  // Clone and modify the child element
  const clonedChild = React.cloneElement(props.children, 
    { style: { fontWeight: 'bold' } 

  return (
    <div style={cardStyle}>

function App() {
  return (
      <h2>Welcome to my website</h2>
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The Card component used in example above, accepts child components and renders them inside a container using a specific style. We're using React.cloneElement to clone the child element that is passed to the Card component and then adding a new style prop fontWeight: 'bold' to it.

In conclusion, the React.cloneElement function duplicates the existing component and permits changes to some of its properties rather than creating a new component. As a result, it's a fantastic option if you want to modify an existing component without having to completely rewrite it. This helps to keep the codebase clean, organized, and optimized for performance, which is a key goal when building web applications with React.

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