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LuisPa
LuisPa

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How to add a dynamic title on your React app

In this post, I'll show you how to create a simple component to add a dynamic title behavior on your web app.

Here you have a repo with an applicable example: GitHub Repo

Resume

  1. Add the react-helmet dependency.
  2. Write the dynamic component for the title.
  3. Add the dynamic component to your router or your pages.

Add the react-helmet dependency.

If you're using yarn

$ yarn add react-helmet

If you're using npm

$ npm i react-helmet

Write the dynamic component for the title.

You can write an independent component for this example, like this:

// TitleComponent.jsx

import React from 'react';
import Helmet from 'react-helmet';

const TitleComponent = ({ title }) => {
    var defaultTitle = '⚛️ app';
    return (
        <Helmet>
            <title>{title ? title : defaultTitle}</title>
        </Helmet>
    );
};

export { TitleComponent };

In this example, we just wrote an independent component that could receive a title and, if you don't send a prop as title, the title will be the default title.

Add the dynamic component to your routes.

We have multiple approaches to add this component to your app, it depends mostly on your decisions on routing (if you're using Gatsby or Next.js you can ovoid configure a router, but if you're using create-react-app or a react boiler template you can add this to your router.

Adding this component to your routes (Using router):


// routes.js

import React from 'react';
import { Route } from 'react-router';
import { TitleComponent } from './TitleComponent.jsx';

// withTitle function
const withTitle = ({ component: Component, title }) => {
    return class Title extends Component {
        render() {
            return (
                <React.Fragment>
                    <TitleComponent title={title} />
                    <Component {...this.props} />
                </React.Fragment>
            );
        }
    };
};

// Example pages 
const Index = () => <h1>This is the IndexComponent!</h1>;
const Persons = () => <h1>This is the PersonsComponent!</h1>;
const Dogs = () => <h1>This is the DogsComponent!</h1>;
const Food = () => <h1>This is the FoodComponent!</h1>;

// Adding title
const IndexComponent = withTitle({ component: Index, title: 'Index' });
const PersonsComponent = withTitle({ component: Persons, title: '🧠 Persons' });
const DogsComponent = withTitle({ component: Dogs, title: '🐶 Dogs' });
const FoodComponent = withTitle({ component: Food, title: '🌮 Food' });

// Your router
export default (
    <Route>
        <Route path="/" component={IndexComponent} />
        <Route path="/persons" component={PersonsComponent} />
        <Route path="/dogs" component={DogsComponent} />
        <Route path="/food" component={FoodComponent} />
    </Route>
);

Adding this component to your pages (Using Next.js, Gatsby, After.js):

Using withTitle function:

// pages/pageOne.jsx

import React from 'react';
import { TitleComponent } from './TitleComponent.jsx';

// withTitle function
const withTitle = ({ component: Component, title }) => {
    return class Title extends Component {
        render() {
            return (
                <React.Fragment>
                    <TitleComponent title={title} />
                    <Component {...this.props} />
                </React.Fragment>
            );
        }
    };
};

const PageOne = () => (
    <React.Fragment>
        <h1> Page 1 </h1>
        // Some content...
    </React.Fragment>
);

export default withTitle({ component: PageOne, title: 'Page One!' });

Adding directly the <TitleComponent /> to your page:

// pages/pageOne.jsx

import React from 'react';
import { TitleComponent } from './TitleComponent.jsx';

const PageOne = () => (
    <React.Fragment>
        <TitleComponent title="Page One!" />
        <h1> Page 1 </h1>
        // Some content...
    </React.Fragment>
);

export default PageOne;

Here you have a repo with an applicable example: GitHub Repo

And that's it. Thanks for reading and happy coding!

Discussion (13)

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antibland profile image
Andy Hoffman

For those using React Hooks, here is the withTitle function:

const withTitle = ({ ChildComponent, title }) => (props) => (
  <>
    <TitleComponent title={title} />
    <ChildComponent {...props} />
  </>
);
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alfredosalzillo profile image
Alfredo Salzillo 🐺 • Edited on
// routes.js

import React from 'react';
import { Route } from 'react-router';
import { TitleComponent } from './TitleComponent.jsx';

// withTitle function
const withTitle = ({ component: Component, title }) => {
    return class Title extends Component {
        render() {
            return (
                <React.Fragment>
                    <HelmetComponent title={title} />
                    <Component {...this.props} />
                </React.Fragment>
            );
        }
    };
};

I think you have mistakenly used HelmetComponent instead of TitleComponent.

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luispa profile image
LuisPa Author

Great observation, fixed!

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rob88 profile image
Reben Faraj • Edited on

if you are struggling with integrating helmet title to your project , run this command npm i helmet
once installed

simply copy and paste into a new file called TitleComponent.js in the src folder

// TitleComponent.js
import React from 'react';
import Helmet from 'react-helmet';

const TitleComponent = ({ title }) => {
var defaultTitle = '⚛️ app';
return (

{title ? title : defaultTitle}

);
};

export { TitleComponent };

and in your app.js inside return(
//paste this !!

)
// lets assume that you have a contact page

import {TitleComponent } from './TitleComponent';
paste this into contact page inside a dev
tag

Its really confused me from the beginning, let me know if you need any help with this

Happy Codding :)

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dance2die profile image
Sung M. Kim • Edited on

Thanks LuisPa for the post.

May I ask how HelmetComponent is implemented? I can't seem to find the source in the article 🙏

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luispa profile image
LuisPa Author

Sure man! Here you have a repo with an aplicable example: GitHub Repo

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dance2die profile image
Sung M. Kim

✨🌠💫🌟⭐

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sistemassouza profile image
Denis Souza • Edited on

I have is problem

TypeError: Cannot call a class as a function

my code

thepracticaldev.s3.amazonaws.com/i...

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luispa profile image
LuisPa Author • Edited on

Hi! Please put here the code from the withTitle() method, please.

You can see the example repo:

github.com/LuisPaGarcia/react-dyna...

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sistemassouza profile image
Denis Souza • Edited on

Here my code

thepracticaldev.s3.amazonaws.com/i...

I did find problem

I only did change extends Component to extens React.Component at the TitleComponent

thanks

Thread Thread
luispa profile image
LuisPa Author

Great!

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sereiodobrejo profile image
Sereio-do-Brejo

Amazing!!! It also helps to improves SEO!
Thank you for the post.

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christanfoden profile image
Christan Foden • Edited on

Could you do the same with the favicon?