Launched in 2021, the Spring Native project is the Spring ecosystem's gateway to the native image paradigm using GraalVM.
Compared to the JVM standard, native images have faster boot times (<100ms) and lower memory consumption. However, building a native image requires more time than a JVM-based one.
Its features make it a good choice for building applications with Spring Cloud Function and deploying them on a platform like Azure Functions, AWS Lambda or Knative.
Today we will work with a repository that provides the ability to deploy native images with Spring.
Native image is a technology that allows you to compile Java code in advance and make it executable. This executable contains application classes, their dependency classes, runtime library classes, and native code linked to the JDK. After the build process, it builds the executable for the operating system, this process is called image build. JVM-based languages have this capability like Java, Scala, Clojure and Kotlin.
In March 2021, Pivotal released a still-experimental version to the community of its native module, Spring-Native. Given that its competitors are already able to have a more fluid integration with GraalVM, spring had to chase after Quarkus and Micronaut to be able to make its stack compatible with native images.
Spring Native provides the ideal workload for computing in containers and Kubernetes. Use strong native image an instant boot, instant peak performance and reduced memory consumption.
As everything is not perfect, it is necessary to understand that there are steps in this process that need to be improved, as the process of generating a native image is very heavy and time-consuming.
After configuring the entire environment, it is necessary to place the necessary dependencies for the project. Once this is done and you are structuring the endpoints that will be used and what will be persisted, we need to run some maven commands to generate the project's packaging. The first command to run is: mvn clean package spring-boot:build-image
In this project we have a maven plugin which generates necessary metadata for the GraalVM at compile time, Spring uses the build package. paketo is a buildpack that transforms the built code into an image that can be executed in any way. widely used for code execution in the cloud.
Once you have generated the image, you will need to run the following command: mvn clean package spring-boot:build-image -Pspring-native,build-docker-image -DskipTests Depending on how much memory you have available or how much memory you have for the startup of your Docker, this process may fail due to lack of memory or take time to generate the image.
This command will generate a native GraalVM image to build the application as a native executable.
After executing the command that generates the application's native image, we will need to upload our database, in this example we are using MongoDB, so the command that will be executed will be: docker-compose up mongodb
Finally we will run our reactive/native application with SpringWebFlux and Spring Native by executing the following command: docker run spring-native-demo
The following technologies were used to carry out the project:
- Java 11
- Spring Webflux