Web3, an open-source internet where users have ownership of their data and permissionless access to applications without going through intermediaries, is blockchain-powered. Instead of going through centralized intermediaries, decentralized blockchain programs drive peer-to-peer trustless economic networks for exchanging value and information.
The web3 industry continues to grow and mature at an impressive pace, and it's becoming increasingly important for developers to have a solid understanding of the tools and technologies that make up the web3 developer stack. By understanding the key components of the web3 tech stack, developers can build secure, scalable, and resilient applications on top of blockchain protocols.
However, the web3 developer stack can be complex and daunting for those who are new to the space. That's why we've put together this comprehensive guide to help developers get up to speed on the key components of the web3 stack. In this guide, we describe the different components of the Web3 stack to demystify Web3 app development.
In Web3 applications, user identity management is a crucial aspect that needs to be taken into consideration. Unlike traditional web applications, where user identity management is usually handled by a centralized authority, Web3 applications rely on decentralized systems to manage user identities and fully realize the read-write-own promise of Web3.
Generally, the key component of user identity management in Web3 applications is the concept of wallets.
Wallets are digital tools that allow users to store and manage their cryptocurrencies, as well as interact with various Web3 applications. These wallets serve as a user's digital identity and enable them to transact on the blockchain. They provide a means of establishing users’ identities using public-private key cryptography. Public keys are used to encrypt data, and private keys are used to decrypt them. The possession of the correct combination of the public and private keys establishes the identity of the user.
Some popular wallets used for Web3 applications include:
In any of the blockchain ecosystems, these wallets are available as a combination of browser extensions, mobile applications or desktop applications.
In addition to wallets, many Web3 applications also rely on decentralized identity (DID) solutions. DID solutions allow users to create and manage their own digital identities without the need for a centralized authority. Some popular DID solutions used in Web3 applications include uPort, Sovrin, and Civic.
Building Web3 applications requires a comprehensive understanding of the various components that make up the Web3 stack. From the underlying blockchain technology to smart contracts and user identity management, developers must choose the appropriate tools and frameworks to build secure and efficient applications.
While the Web3 stack is still evolving, it provides a promising vision for the future of the Internet, where users can fully control their data and interact with decentralized applications in a trustless and permissionless environment.
As the Web3 ecosystem continues to grow, developers can expect to see further advancements in the development tools and frameworks available to them. We hope this comprehensive guide has provided valuable insights into the tools, frameworks, and best practices necessary to build Web3 applications, find great developer jobs, and showcase your projects with Kleoverse.