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How to manage procrastination with the Pomodoro Technique

This article was originally posted on my blog.

These are my thoughts and some tips that I have gathered using the Pomodoro Technique, both at work and when studying. This came out of my own search for a way to get more focused when working on something because I would tend to procrastinate on anything imaginable.

What is the Pomodoro Technique?

Let's ask wikipedia:

The Pomodoro Technique is a time management method developed by Francesco Cirillo in the late 1980s. The technique uses a timer to break down work into intervals, traditionally 25 minutes in length, separated by short breaks. These intervals are named pomodoros, the plural in English of the Italian word pomodoro (tomato), after the tomato-shaped kitchen timer that Cirillo used as a university student.

So yeah, it's a time management technique, what else? Further down the article points out how it works in steps:

There are six steps in the technique:

  1. Decide on the task to be done.
  2. Set the pomodoro timer (traditionally to 25 minutes).
  3. Work on the task until the timer rings.
  4. After the timer rings put a checkmark on a piece of paper.
  5. If you have fewer than four checkmarks, take a short break (3–5 minutes), then go to step 2.
  6. After four pomodoros, take a longer break (15–30 minutes), reset your checkmark count to zero, then go to step 1.

The premise here is that instead of trying to focus for hours on end, you should instead try to focus for a small period of time, then give your mind some time to rest and start over. I was skeptical at first (especially regarding trying to focus for 25 minutes at a time) but decided to give it a try. I have found that it helped me get a hold of my brain's urges to shift focus to random stuff.

Use whatever timer suits you

It can either be an old school analog time, an app on your phone (which is not suggested because looking at your phone can break your focus because of notifications), an online time, a cli program. Find what works best for you and stick to it.

Start small

As mentioned above the typical way to use the Pomodoro technique is in intervals of 20-25 minutes of work and 3-5 minutes of break. That might sound like a long period of time when you first try it. Instead try smaller intervals of as low as 10 or even 5 minutes and work your way up to the 20-25 minute mark. The same is true for the breaks. If 3 minutes sound too little start with 5 or 7 or even 10 and work your way down. Check which combination works best for you and then try to improve it slowly.

Time your breaks too

You can easily get carried away when you don't time your breaks. That's why it's equally important to time them. As mentioned if at first you think that 3-5 minutes are not enough, try to increase the time period to 7 or 10 but a) it should be a fixed period and b) it should be on the timer.

Keep a paper and a pen close by

I have found this to be VERY important, almost as important as the timer. Why? Well the typical way I and anyone else procrastinates, is that you start working and then all of sudden a random thought pops up, that you need the answer right away, right? By noting it down on a piece of paper you a) acknowledge the thought and b) are sure you won't forget about it, so it's ok to not find the answer right away.

Another thing that the paper helps with is with the brain's knee-jerk reaction to open a random site. I have caught myself without even thinking about it, I open a new tab and start to type a procrastinating site like Twitter/Facebook/Whatever. When you get that urge just acknowledge it and set a mark on the paper. In my mind it doesn't matter that you won't go on that site, that was probably not the point, but I think that this is just the brain's way of trying to get a small break. With time I think these knee-jerk reactions can be reduced to a minimum.

Close all distractions

We all know it our brains don't multitask well. You can't focus on a task and have a podcast playing on the background, or trying to find the solution to a problem and having Facebook/Twitter/Hacker News/Reddit/Whatever open.

To start off try to install an extension like stayfocusd with which you can block the usual time-wasting site. That way even if you try to load the site, you will get a message urging you back to work.

What I have found works best for me is having some sort of calming music playing on the background like Weightless by Marconi Union which has been declared the most relaxing song and there's even a 10 hour version.

Top comments (7)

akajb84 profile image
Neesha Desai

Nice explanation. One thing I found, was that it's important to acknowledge when you just can't focus. I find, that if i start a pomodoro and struggle like crazy to stay focused, it's better to stop it, and take a longer break (15-30-60 minutes depending) and then come back and try again. If I force myself to keep at it, I end up more frustrated and worked up over not being able to focus, and things just end up worse. For those breaks, do something that is well removed from what you were trying to accomplish. If you were on the computer, go for a walk or get a coffee/tea/water. Get away from the computer - don't let yourself just waste time on twitter/fb.

iceterminal profile image

A great web site for this is It lets you set up a kanban board per day or week. Then you can set up each task based upon how many pomodoro's each takes.
It also incorporates the pomorodo timer as well. So you can select the task, start the timer, and get busy.

iceberg3696 profile image
Son Hoang

Easy to use: You can set your alarm, add check list, change background colors, choose your ringtones, … Simple and beautiful UI, check it out here: Pomodoros - Android Apps on Google Play

jbristow profile image
Jon Bristow

I'm still not convinced pomodoro works very well when you're suffering from an executive processing disorder.

Sure, it seems like it would help ADHD sufferers, but whenever I try to use it (diagnosed ADHD) I end up either ignoring the bell for two reasons. Either a) I've dropped into hyper-focus and there exists nothing but what I'm working on until I get derailed or b) I've been involuntarily context-switching the entire time and my lower frustration threshold kicks in and I lose motivation to continue the process.

Hyper-focus is great for getting things done. It's not good for eating healthy, meeting family obligations, or being aware of anything going on around you at more than a superficial level. It is also difficult to engage hyper-focus on purpose for things that you aren't at least 80% interested in.

The opposite is also frustrating. Things capture my attention and send me spiraling off on brief tangents and diversions. Worse, some of these things may trigger hyper-focus themselves. A video playing somewhere in my field of vision has a good chance of capturing my attention.

Yes, things are better on meds, but it's not like my brain becomes normal... it just has some of the edges filed off. And if I'm dealing with stress, that cuts right through the meds and reactivates a bunch of my mal-adaptive coping strategies.

Much more effective to me is just to be kind to myself and find ways to make what I'm doing more interesting (making things elegant, working on the hard parts first) or require less attention to complete (chopping things up, lists).

redgreenrepeat profile image

I love pomodoro! The thing that helped me stick to pomodoro: Apple Watch.

Having a silent timer I can look at whenever I start 'wandering' keeps me on track.

deepgsingh profile image
Gagandeep Singh

Sounds interesting , will surely try

tiagosoares94 profile image
Tiago Soares

Sometimes, all we need is a short break...
I'll try to use pomodoro technique. (y)