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Keerthan Shetty
Keerthan Shetty

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Networking fundamentals - Part 1

Networking models based on functions

  • Client Server system

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The client–server model is a distributed application structure that partitions tasks or workloads between the providers of a resource or service, called servers, and service requesters, called clients.

  • Peer to peer system

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Peer-to-peer (P2P) is a decentralized communications model in which each party has the same capabilities and either party can initiate a communication session.

Types of Networks based on proximity

  • Local Area Network

  • Personal Area network

  • Metropolitan Area network

  • Wide Area Network

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Network Topology

  • Bus topology

Bus topology, also known as line topology, is a type of network topology in which all devices in the network are connected by one central RJ-45 network cable or coaxial cable.

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  • Ring topology

Ring topology is a type of network configuration in which each device on the network is connected to two other devices, forming a “ring.”

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  • Star topology

Star topology is a type of network topology in which every device in the network is individually connected to a central node, known as the switch or hub.

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  • Mesh topology

Mesh topology is a type of network topology in which all devices in the network are interconnected. In a mesh topology, data can be transmitted by routing (sent the shortest distance) and flooding (sent to all devices).

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  • Hybrid topology

hybrid topology is the combination of two or more networks. The network type could be Star, Ring, Bus, or Mesh. However, in most cases, only the Star and Ring topologies are used to create a Hybrid network.

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