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Kartik Mehta
Kartik Mehta

Posted on • Updated on

Advanced State Management in React with MobX


State management is an important aspect of web development, especially in large and complex applications. React, one of the most popular front-end libraries, offers built-in state management through the use of its state and props system. However, for more advanced and efficient state management, many developers turn to MobX, a state management library for React. In this article, we will explore the advantages, disadvantages, and features of using MobX for state management in React.

Advantages of Using MobX for State Management

  1. Simplicity: MobX follows the principle of "doing one thing well," making it easy to learn and use. It offers a simple set of rules to follow, making it ideal for beginners.

  2. Automatic dependency tracking: MobX automatically tracks dependencies between observables (state values) and ensures that the views are updated whenever there is a change in the state.

  3. Scalability: As applications grow in complexity, managing state becomes more challenging. MobX offers scalable solutions to handle complex state management scenarios.

  4. Performance: MobX is highly performant as it optimizes for the minimum required updates to the views, reducing unnecessary re-renders.

Disadvantages of Using MobX for State Management

  1. Learning curve: While MobX is relatively easy to learn, it does require developers to have a basic understanding of React and JavaScript.

  2. Steep learning curve for complex scenarios: As applications become more complex, the learning curve for using MobX may become steeper, making it challenging to manage state.

Features of MobX

  1. Observables: Any value that can be used by the React components can be made observable by wrapping it with the @observable decorator.

    import { observable } from 'mobx';
    class Store {
        @observable count = 0;
  2. Actions: MobX makes use of the @action decorator to create functions that modify the state. This ensures that the state changes are tracked and updated accordingly.

    import { action } from 'mobx';
    class Store {
        @observable count = 0;
        increment() {
  3. Computed values: MobX introduces the concept of computed values, which are values that are derived from observables and are updated automatically whenever the observables change.

    import { observable, computed } from 'mobx';
    class Store {
        @observable firstName = 'John';
        @observable lastName = 'Doe';
        get fullName() {
            return `${this.firstName} ${this.lastName}`;
  4. Reactions: MobX offers the ability to create reactions or side effects based on changes in observables. This is useful for handling asynchronous operations or triggering updates in other observables.

    import { observable, reaction } from 'mobx';
    class Store {
        @observable count = 0;
        constructor() {
                () => this.count,
                count => {
                    console.log(`Count changed to ${count}`);


In conclusion, MobX offers a simple, scalable, and performant solution for state management in React. While it may have a learning curve for more complex scenarios, the advantages it offers make it a popular choice among developers. Whether you are working on a small project or a large application, MobX can help you manage state efficiently and effectively.

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