DEV Community

Kartik Budhraja
Kartik Budhraja

Posted on

Debouncing and Throttling: Choosing the Right Strategy for Your Web Projects.


In the world of web development and user interface design, ensuring smooth and efficient interactions is paramount. Two essential techniques, debouncing and throttling, play a pivotal role in achieving this goal. These methods help manage the execution of functions, preventing excessive calls and enhancing user experience. In this post, we will explore debouncing and throttling, provide real-time examples, and include code samples to illustrate their usage.

Debouncing: Taming Rapid Fire Actions

Debouncing is a technique used to control the frequency of function execution. It is particularly useful when dealing with events that fire rapidly, such as resizing a browser window or handling input from a user typing on a keyboard.

  1. Search Input: In an autocomplete search bar, debounce can be used to delay the search query until the user has stopped typing for a short period, reducing the number of unnecessary API requests.

  2. Text Editor Autosave: When implementing an autosave feature in a text editor, debounce can ensure that the save operation only occurs after the user has paused typing.

  3. Window Resize Handling: Debounce can be useful when handling window resize events, allowing you to recalculate and adjust the layout only after the user has finished resizing the window.

let's build Search Suggestions -

Imagine you're implementing an autocomplete feature in a search bar. Without debouncing, the function responsible for fetching suggestions from a server might be called repeatedly as the user types each letter, causing unnecessary network requests. Debouncing allows you to delay these requests until the user has paused typing.

function debounce(func, delay) {
  let timeoutId;
  return function (...args) {
    timeoutId = setTimeout(() => {
    }, delay);

const searchInput = document.getElementById('search-input');
const fetchSuggestions = debounce((query) => {
  // Fetch and display search suggestions here
  console.log(`Fetching suggestions for query: ${query}`);
}, 300);

searchInput.addEventListener('input', (event) => {

Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

In this example, the fetchSuggestions function is wrapped in a debounce function. It ensures that the function is called only after a specified delay (300 milliseconds in this case) of user inactivity, reducing unnecessary server requests.

Throttling: Limiting Function Calls

Throttling is a method used to limit the rate at which a function is executed. It is beneficial when you want to ensure a function isn't invoked more often than a certain threshold, such as handling scroll events or preventing button double-clicks.

  1. Scroll Animation: Throttling can be used to control the rate at which scroll events trigger animations or transitions on elements as the user scrolls down a page.
  2. Mousemove Tracking: Throttle mousemove events to create interactive effects like parallax scrolling without overloading the browser with constant updates.
  3. Button Clicks: Throttle button clicks to prevent double-clicking or rapid successive clicks from triggering multiple actions.

let's build Scrolling Animations -

Suppose you're creating a parallax scrolling effect where elements change position based on the user's scroll. Without throttling, the position update function could be called rapidly as the user scrolls, resulting in a jittery animation. Throttling ensures the function is called at a controlled rate.

function throttle(func, limit) {
  let inThrottle;
  return function (...args) {
    if (!inThrottle) {
      inThrottle = true;
      setTimeout(() => {
        inThrottle = false;
      }, limit);

const handleScroll = throttle(() => {
  // Update element positions based on scroll here
  console.log('Updating scroll position');
}, 200);

window.addEventListener('scroll', handleScroll);

Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

In this example, the handleScroll function is throttled to execute at most once every 200 milliseconds. This prevents excessive calls during rapid scrolling and ensures smooth animation.


Debouncing and throttling are essential techniques in web development that help manage the execution of functions in real-time scenarios. Debouncing delays function calls until a user action has paused, while throttling limits the rate of function execution. Both techniques improve user experience and ensure efficient use of resources. By understanding when and how to use these techniques, developers can create responsive and optimized web applications.

Top comments (1)

artydev profile image

Thank you :-)