git init-> Initializes git in any folder/repository (Needs only if you are not cloning a repository)
git clone https://github.com/<your-user-name>/<repo-name>-> Clones the repository in your local system.
git status-> Shows the current status of the repository.
git add <file-name>-> Adds specific file to staging area
git diff / git whatchanged-> Gives the recent changes in the repository
git add .-> Adds all changed files to staging area
git commit -m "<your-message>"-> Gives a message to your current files and takes their snapshot to commit history
git log-> Shows the commit history
git revert <commit-token>-> Discards the specific commit (Deletes the committed files but keeps a trace in history)
git reset --soft HEAD~<no-of-commits-to-revert>-> Undo's the commit and brings the changes back in the staging area
git restore --staged <file>-> Brings back the specific file in the changes made section which is added to the staging area.
git remote -v-> Shows all the remote connection
git remote add origin https://github.com/<your-user-name>/<repo-name>-> adds your forked branch as the origin (No need to do if the repo is cloned)
git remote add upstream https://github.com/<parent-user-name>/<repo-name>-> Adds parent repository as upstream.
git pull origin-> fetches the changes made in origin to your local system
git pull upstream-> fetches the changes made in origin to your local system
git branch <branch-name>-> Creates a branch with branch-name
git checkout <branch-name>-> This now allows you to make changes in the specified branch
git checkout -b <branch-name>-> This is combination of
git branch <branch-name>and
git checkout <branch-name>
git merge <branch-name>-> merges its children branch-name into its parent branch.
git branch -d <branch-name>-> Deletes the specified branch. And if the changes in the branch-name are not merged in the parent branch then the changes are deleted.
git push origin <branch-name>-> Pushes the recent commits to the new branch