In this tutorial, we are going to create and deploy a simple machine learning model.
We are going to create the model using Python and the tensorflow library. We will finish up by serving the model in a flask application as an API (Application Programming Interface).
Let's get to it.
First create a directory/folder where you are going to put all the code from this tutorial.
The model we are going to create is a pretty simple one. Given an input x, we want to get an output 2x+1. Pretty simple! We want to create a model that will train on some sample data and come up with its own method to be able to find the right output.
Our sample data is pretty simple one.
sample_input = (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6) sample_output = (3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13)
If you try using the formula on the input, you should get a corresponding output.
Now open the project folder in your favorite editor and let's get to coding.
Create a new file called model.py and we are going ro write our model code in there.
First we are going to import tensorflow and keras.
import tensorflow as tf from tensorflow import keras
Next is to create out model instance. Since it is simple one, a sequential model will be fine.
model = keras.Sequential([ keras.layers.Dense(1, activation="relu", input_shape=) ])
Next step is to compile our model and give it an optmizer as well as a loss function. The loss function will help to look back at how the model progresses from errors while rhe optmizer will help optmize the model.
Next comes training our model.
# train model model.fit(sample_input, sample_output, epochs=500)
You should now end up with this
import tensorflow as tf from tensorflow import keras model = keras.Sequential([ keras.layers.Dense(1, activation="relu", input_shape=) ]) sample_input = (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6) sample_output = (3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13) model.compile(optimizer="sgd", loss="mean_squared_error") # train model model.fit(sample_input, sample_output, epochs=500)
Time to test our model. Add this line at the end of the file. You can pass any value in it to see if the model works. Make sure its in the form of a list.
print(model.predict()) # my output [[17.074446]]
After training the model, we try to make it predict on a sample value. I choosed to test on 8 as my sample and i got ~17. If we substitute in our formula, 2(8)+1 equal 17. This confirms that our model actually works.
After creating the model, it is good to save it so it can be deployed more easily.
Saving the model is as simple as using the model.save() method.
Add this line at the end of your model.py file.
The model.save() method takes a filepath keyword argument which is the path to which you want to save the model. I am saving my model in the root of the project.
You should see a file named saved_model.pb. This is our model and can now be shared or deployed.
We are now going to create a simple flask API to serve our model.
Create a new file named app.py and add the follwing code in there.
from tensorflow.keras import models from flask import Flask, request app = Flask(__name__) # load saved model from filesystem model = models.load_model(filepath="./") @app.route('/predict', methods=["POST"]) def predict(): value = int(request.data) prediction = model.predict([value]) # print(prediction) return str(prediction) if __name__ == "__main__": app.run(debug=True)
First, we are importing models utility from keras and then Flask.
We can load a saved model using the models utility using the load_model method. It takes a filepath argument specifying the path to which the saved model is.
Next is we create a route which accpet POST requests.
Inside the function, we get the data sent through the request. We will get bytes, so we cast it to an integer.
We then we used our loaded model to predict the output of the value sent. We then return our prediction. Notice we cast the response a string. This is because flask allows us to return only strings, tuples or dictionaries.
To test your API, we are going to write a simple python program to do so.
Open a file called test.py and add the following code in it.
import requests import sys value = sys.argv res = requests.post("http://localhost:5000/predict", value) print(res.content)
python test.py 9
I get b'19.115118'. Yay it works!
You have reached the end of this tutorial.
I hope you enjoyed building and serving this simple model.
Feel free to play with the API with different values.
Final code here
If you liked this, make sure to share and follow me on twitter for more of such.