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JJ Asghar
JJ Asghar

Posted on • Originally published at jjasghar.github.io on

Setting up Jenkins on CentOS 8

Here are my notes on how I got Jenkins working on CentOS 8. This is mainly so I can go tomy blog instead of here.

Vanilla Jenkins

First thing first, we need some jdk. Time to install it.

sudo dnf install -y java-1.8.0-openjdk-devel wget epel-release

Next, we need to install the jenkins repo and get jenkins installed.

sudo wget -O /etc/yum.repos.d/jenkins.repo http://pkg.jenkins-ci.org/redhat-stable/jenkins.repo
sudo rpm --import https://jenkins-ci.org/redhat/jenkins-ci.org.key
sudo yum install jenkins

After installation, you need to start the service, and make sure your firewalld is properlyconfigured:

sudo systemctl start jenkins
sudo systemctl enable jenkins
sudo systemctl status jenkins
sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-port=8080/tcp
sudo firewall-cmd --reload

Awesome, now we go to http://<ip>:8080 and put in the inital AdminPassword.

sudo cat /var/lib/jenkins/secrets/initialAdminPassword

Wonderful, now lets get nginx infront of it so we can connect to a webserver instead of thejava application directly.

nginx forwarding for Jenkins

If you google for nginx jenkins you come directly to the Jenkins Wiki. It’s not wrong, it’s just more informatin then we needright now.

Lets first install ngnix.

sudo dnf install -y nginx

Next, start the service and get the firewalld in a good happy place:

sudo systemctl enable nginx
sudo systemctl start nginx
sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=http
sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=https
sudo firewall-cmd --reload

You should be able to hit http://<ip> and see the nginx website.

Next, I disabled SELinux. I converted it from enforcing to disabled and reboot my machine.

Now, let’s configure the meat of this blog post, lets get some self signed certs going:

sudo mkdir /etc/ssl/private
sudo chmod 700 /etc/ssl/private
sudo openssl req -x509 -nodes -days 365 -newkey rsa:2048 -keyout /etc/ssl/private/nginx-selfsigned.key -out /etc/ssl/certs/nginx-selfsigned.crt # answer the prompts here :)
sudo openssl dhparam -out /etc/ssl/certs/dhparam.pem 2048

Now you need to wire the nginx and jenkins together. If you are just going to do https the followingfile that you can put in /etc/nginx/conf.d/jenkins.conf.

NOTE: You’ll need to change .domain.tld to whatever your domain is.

upstream jenkins {
  server 127.0.0.1:8080 fail_timeout=0;
}

server {
  listen 80;
  server_name jenkins.domain.tld;
  return 301 https://$host$request_uri;
}

server {
  listen 443 ssl;
  server_name jenkins.domain.tld;

  ssl_certificate_key /etc/ssl/private/nginx-selfsigned.key;
  ssl_certificate /etc/ssl/certs/nginx-selfsigned.crt;

  location / {
    proxy_set_header Host $host:$server_port;
    proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
    proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
    proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto $scheme;
    proxy_redirect http:// https://;
    proxy_pass http://jenkins;
    # Required for new HTTP-based CLI
    proxy_http_version 1.1;
    proxy_request_buffering off;
    proxy_buffering off; # Required for HTTP-based CLI to work over SSL
    # workaround for https://issues.jenkins-ci.org/browse/JENKINS-45651
    add_header 'X-SSH-Endpoint' 'jenkins.domain.tld:50022' always;
  }
}

After adding this to the file, restart nginx and you should find yourselfhosting your jenkins instance at https://jenkins.domain.tld.

sudo systemctl restart nginx

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