DEV Community

Cover image for Best Programming Languages to Learn as a  Beginner
Jima Victor
Jima Victor

Posted on • Updated on • Originally published at webcodespace.com

Best Programming Languages to Learn as a Beginner

So you're just starting out and you want to learn a new programming language. But the problem is, there are so many options out there and it can really be confusing trying to choose the best language to begin with.

Maybe you've tried searching online for a good language to begin with, and you see a lot of these blog posts telling you to learn javascript or java or maybe C#.

Now I'm not saying these languages are the wrong ones and neither am I saying they the right ones.

It's just that choosing a programming language that is good for you depends on a number of factors.

These factors are there to guide you and to also reduce the confusion. So that when you finally make a choice, you're more likely to be satisfied with what you have chosen.

One other thing I will also like to point out is that, there is no best language.

All these programming languages are just tools programmers use to achieve anything they want on a computer.

When I first started out as a programmer, I knew of other programmers who could code in so many other languages and I was curious on how they could achieve that, but when I started coding, I discovered it wasn't as hard as I thought.

Why they were able to do that was because the basic concepts of programming are the same across all programming languages.

This means, if you know c++, it will be relatively easy to pick up another language like c# or java.

With that being said, it still doesn't mean you can just pick up any language and learn because the basic concepts are all the same.

You can decide to choose any language and you'll still do fine but I recommend that there should be some factors to be considered first, before choosing a new programming language as a beginner.

Factors to consider while choosing a programming language

1. Interest

xb2uahif0jiafmj4e7qi.jpg

What do you want to build? What do you think you will enjoy building the most? Do you enjoy playing games and think you will enjoy building them too? You can learn a good language for game development like C# and go into game development with the Unity game Engine.

Your interest in whatever you do is really important because you're more likely to be successful doing the things you love.

When you start building out the things you really like, it's going to give you a huge boost in your motivation, which will prompt you to want to keep building out things.

2. Job opportunities

i7g36ycz5ouibx86c3j6.jpg

For some newbies out there, the main reason they want to learn programming, is because of the job opportunities they can find.

And because of this, you need to take into consideration the jobs available to you either locally or remotely.

It wouldn't be really nice to learn c++ when the jobs around you are all based on javascript.

3. Learning curve

zcp3vccdq3dewnxgaq2i.jpg

As a newbie developer, you'll need to understand the basics of programming before you'll finally be able to start building out projects.

As a result, you need to learn the basics of programming with a programming language that is easy to understand. I would suggest learning a scripting language first.

It wouldn't really be nice that while you're trying to understand the basics of programming, you're also struggling so hard with the syntax of the language you're trying to learn.

4. Popularity

fhgskcv5521b43lkc4ms.jpg

I consider popularity to be really important due to the fact that, you're just starting out, and you're going to need all of the help that you can find.

Choosing a really popular programming language means there are a lot of people already using that language and if you get stuck along the way during learning, you can easily find some help online.

It also means there will be a lot of tutorials for whatever topic you want to learn.

Top 5 programming languages to learn as a beginner

These languages have been chosen based on the factors discussed above. In no particular order, they are:

1. JavaScript

This is the language of web developers. It happens to be a good choice due to the number of job opportunities you can find with it and also its popularity.

It is a scripting language popularly used for writing frontend code alongside with html and css. It is also commonly referred to as a client-side language.

Basic syntax for javascript:

 <!DOCTYPE html>
 <html>
 <head>
 <meta http-equiv="content-type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />
<title>simple hello world program</title>
</head>
 <body>
<script type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8">
      // the hello world program
      alert("Hello, World!");
</script>
</body>
</html>
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

2. Java

Java is one of the languages that have remained popular for quite a long time now.

Java is a general purpose object oriented programming language which has been used commonly for the development of enterprise applications and the creation of web servers. One very popular framework used together with java is spring.

In terms of job opportunities, java still remains one of the best languages to learn.

Basic syntax for java:

// Your First Program

class PrintHelloWorld {

public static void main(String[] args) {


System.out.println("Hello, World!"); 

 }
}
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

3. PHP

PHP also known as hypertext processor. This happens to be one of the first server-side languages used on the web.

The syntax of this language is beginner-friendly and it also happens to be very popular.

One major framework used with PHP is Laravel. Together they are used for developing web servers.

Basic syntax for PHP:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body>

<h1>My first PHP page</h1>

<?php echo "Hello World!"; ?>
</body>
</html>
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

4. Ruby

Ruby is another great choice for beginners. It is a high level general purpose programming language, commonly used in the development of web applications and also in areas like e-commerce, content management and prototyping.

One very popular framework used together with ruby is Ruby on rails.

Basic syntax for ruby:

#!/usr/bin/ruby -w

puts "Hello, Ruby!";
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

5. Python

Finally python.

Python is a very popular programming language and a very good one for anyone who wants to go into data science.

It is very beginner friendly and easy to understand because of its syntax.

Python can be used for a variety of purposes, from game development to the development of web servers.

Basic syntax for python:

# This program prints Hello, world!

 print('Hello, world!');
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Discussion (10)

Collapse
amediocredev profile image
a Mediocre Dev

I think you can safely change the wording in Python from "a very" to "the most": spectrum.ieee.org/top-programming-...

It has continued to dominate charts for years since overtaking Java's equally longheld position.

You can do anything in Python, and while its not going to be fast, it's usually going to be fast enough.

Collapse
jimajs profile image
Jima Victor Author

Yeah. Python's an amazing language😇

Collapse
wyattbiker profile image
wyattb

Glad to see PHP getting respect. 8.1 will knock your socks off.

Collapse
ishanpro profile image
Ishan Tiwari

I agree with ruby, python, php and Javascript but Java. I don't think so.

Java is nice and all but it has no future. As a beginner one would crack his/her head on the wall whilst learning it. It's therefore better to learn C++ or C# so that you can create amazing desktop and mobile apps and games. They have almost everything Java has and better in some cases.

If you are intrested in android development learn Kotlin and Flutter

Collapse
zeus424 profile image
zeus424

Can't find my beloved C++

Collapse
jeffsvic profile image
Jeff Svicarovich

Great article thanks !

Collapse
jimajs profile image
Jima Victor Author

You're welcome😊

Collapse
karama197 profile image
k_rama197

Helpful article for beginners

Collapse
jimajs profile image
Jima Victor Author

I'm glad you liked it 😊

Collapse
juanmendes profile image
juanmendes

I'm sorry but I will have to be snarky.

Sample JavaScript code:11 lines of HTML and a single line of actual JavaScript 😂 This ends up excluding JavaScript on nodeJS.