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Cover image for Day 11 of #100DaysOfCode: The basis of Next.js - Pages, Link, and Meta

Day 11 of #100DaysOfCode: The basis of Next.js - Pages, Link, and Meta

jenhsuan profile image Jen-Hsuan Hsieh Updated on ・3 min read

Introduction

It's easy to use Next.js to write a React application. There are a few basic feature for Next.js.

  • Create Next.js App
  • Pages
  • Link
  • Fetching data
  • Meta in pages

Create Next.js App

1.Installation

npm init
npm install --save react react-dom next
mkdir pages
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2.Edit package.json

"scripts": {
    "dev":"next",
    "build":"next build",
    "start":"next start"
}
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3.Create pages/index.js

const Index = () => (<h1>hello</h1>)
export default Index;
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4.run

npm run dev
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5.Open browser and visit http://localhost:3000

Setting up for TypeScript

1.Create tsconfig.json

touch tsconfig.json
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2.run

npm run dev
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Pages

In Next.js, a page is a React Component exported from a .js, jsx, .ts, or .tsx file in the pages directory. Each page is associated with a route based on its file name.
Example: If you create pages/about.js that exports a React component like below, it will be accessible at /about.
source: https://nextjs.org/docs/basic-features/pages

  • Create about.js
function About() {
  return <div>About</div>
}
export default About
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Link

import Link from 'next/link'
const Index = () => (
    <div>
        <h1>hello</h1>
        <link href='/about'>
            <a> about </a>
        </link>
    <div>
)
export default Index;
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Fetching data

1.Use getInitialProps to fetch data then pass data from props
2.Use next/router to rerender the page to call getInitialProps again

...
import fetch from "isomorphic-fetch";
import {useState} from 'react';
import Router from 'next/router'

const Index = ({news}) => {
    const [value, setValue] = useState({
        text1:'whatever',
        text2:'whatever'
    })
    const {text1, text2} = value;

    const handleChange = name => e => {
      setValue({...value, [name]: e.target.value})
    }

    const handleSubmit = e => {
      e.preventDefault();
      Router.push(`/news?searchTerm=${text1}`)
    }

    const searchForm = () => (
        <form onSubmit = {handleSubmit}>
            <input 
              type = "text" 
              value={text1}
              onChange = {handleChange('text1')}/>
            <button></button>
            <input 
              type = "text" 
              value={text2}
              onChange = {handleTextChange('text2')}/>
            <button></button>
        </form>
    )

    return (
      {searchForm()}
    )
}

Index.getInitialProps = async ({query}) => {
  let news;
  try {
    const res = await fetch(`.../search?query=${query.searchTerm}`);
    news = await res.json();
  } catch (err) {
    news = [];
  }

  return {
      news
  }
}
export default Index;
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Shallow routing

Shallow routing allows you to change the URL without running data fetching methods again, that includes getServerSideProps, getStaticProps, and getInitialProps. To enable shallow routing, set the shallow option to true. Consider the following
source:https://nextjs.org/docs/routing/shallow-routing

import { useEffect } from 'react'
import { useRouter } from 'next/router'

// Current URL is '/'
function Page() {
  const router = useRouter()

  useEffect(() => {
    // Always do navigations after the first render
    router.push('/?counter=10', undefined, { shallow: true })
  }, [])

  useEffect(() => {
    // The counter changed!
  }, [router.query.counter])
}

export default Page
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Meta in pages

  • Head  
import Head from 'next/head'
...
<Head>
    <title></title>
    <meta name="des" content="..."/>
    <meta name="keywords" content="seo"/>
    <meta name="author" content="..."/>
    <!-- Latest compiled and minified CSS -->
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://stackpath.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.4.1/css/bootstrap.min.css" integrity="sha384-HSMxcRTRxnN+Bdg0JdbxYKrThecOKuH5zCYotlSAcp1+c8xmyTe9GYg1l9a69psu" crossorigin="anonymous">
</Head>
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  • Document
import Document, {Html, Head, Main, NextScript} from 'next/document'
class MyDocument extends Document {     
    render() {         
        return (             
            <Html>                 
                <Head>      
                    <title></title>
                    <meta name="des" content="..."/>
                    <meta name="keywords" content="seo"/>
                    <meta name="author" content="..."/>      
                </Head>                 
                <body>                     
                    <Main />                     
                    <NextScript />                 
                </body>             
             </Html>         
         )     
      } 
}
export default MyDocument
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