C++ is a high-performance programming language that is widely used in the development of applications, operating systems, and other systems software. It was developed by Bjarne Stroustrup in 1979 as an extension of the C programming language.
One of the main features of C++ is its support for object-oriented programming (OOP). In OOP, a program is organized around objects, which represent real-world entities or concepts. Each object has its own set of data (called member variables or attributes) and functions (called methods or member functions) that operate on that data. C++ also supports other programming paradigms such as procedural programming and generic programming.
In addition to OOP, C++ has a number of other features that make it a powerful language:
Low-level control: C++ allows you to directly manipulate memory, giving you fine-grained control over the behavior of your program.
Performance: C++ is a compiled language, which means that it is translated into machine code that can be directly executed by the computer. This makes C++ programs fast and efficient.
Portability: C++ programs can be compiled for a wide range of platforms, including Windows, Mac, Linux, and many others.
Standardization: C++ is standardized by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which ensures that C++ programs are portable across different compilers and systems.
If you're new to programming, C++ might not be the best language to start with, as it can be more challenging to learn than some other languages. However, if you're interested in learning C++, there are many resources available to help you get started, including online tutorials, books, and courses.
Why C++ is prefered for Competitive programming and DSA ?
C++ is often preferred for competitive programming and data structure and algorithms (DSA) for several reasons:
Performance: C++ is a compiled language, which means that it is translated into machine code that can be directly executed by the computer. This makes C++ programs fast and efficient, which is important for solving problems within tight time constraints.
Low-level control: C++ allows you to directly manipulate memory, giving you fine-grained control over the behavior of your program. This can be useful for optimizing the performance of your code, particularly when working with large datasets or complex algorithms.
Standard library: C++ comes with a standard library that includes a wide range of useful data structures and algorithms, such as vectors, lists, and sets. These can be used to implement common DSA problems more efficiently.
Compatibility: Many popular programming contests and judges, such as those on platforms like Codechef and LeetCode, support C++ as a submission language. This makes it easier to participate in these contests and practice your skills.
Community: C++ has a large and active community of programmers, with many online resources and communities dedicated to competitive programming and DSA in C++. This can make it easier to find help and resources when learning or practicing these skills.
It's worth noting that C++ is just one of many languages that can be used for competitive programming and DSA. Other languages, such as Python and Java, may also be suitable depending on your goals and preferences.