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How to install Spip with Docker

jae profile image Jae Beojkkoch Originally published at news.jae.moe on ・2 min read

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In this small tutorial, I'm assuming you are using Debian Buster as your server OS.

First step: install Docker

Installing Docker is pretty straightforward, and all the instructions are available on the official Docker website.

This can be summed up as (to execute as root):

apt remove docker docker-engine docker.io containerd runc apt update apt install apt-transport-https ca-certificates curl gnupg-agent software-properties-common curl -fsSL https://download.docker.com/linux/debian/gpg | apt-key add -

add-apt-repository \ "deb [arch=amd64] https://download.docker.com/linux/debian \
$(lsb_release -cs) \
stable"

apt update apt install docker-ce docker-ce-cli containerd.io

systemctl start docker systemctl enable docker
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Also, do not forget to install docker-compose as these tools make easier the deployment of services:

curl -L "https://github.com/docker/compose/releases/download/1.28.2/docker-compose-$(uname -s)-$(uname -m)" -o /usr/local/bin/docker-compose

chmod +x /usr/local/bin/docker-compose
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And you're all set-up for the rest!

Creating the Docker Compose file

Creating the docker-compose.yml is fairly easy:

version: '3'
services:
  db:
   image: mariadb:10
   restart: always
   environment:
     - MYSQL_RANDOM_ROOT_PASSWORD=1
     - MYSQL_DATABASE=spip
     - MYSQL_USER=spip
     - MYSQL_PASSWORD=verysecret
   volumes:
     - './spip-db:/var/lib/mysql'
  spip:
    image: ashledombos/spip-web
    depends_on:
      - php
      - db
    volumes:
      - './spip-core:/var/www/html/core'
      - './spip-data:/var/www/html/data'
    restart: always
    environment:
      - SPIP_DB_SERVER=db
      - SPIP_DB_LOGIN=spip
      - SPIP_DB_PASS=verysecret
      - SPIP_DB_NAME=spip
    ports:
      - '8031:80'
  php:
    image: 'ashledombos/spip-fpm:3.2'
    depends_on:
      - db
    volumes:
      - './spip-core:/var/www/html/core'
      - './spip-data:/var/www/html/data'
    environment:
      - SPIP_DB_SERVER=mysql
      - SPIP_DB_HOST=db
      - SPIP_DB_LOGIN=spip
      - SPIP_DB_PASS=verysecret
      - SPIP_DB_PREFIX=spip
      - SPIP_ADMIN_NAME=admin
      - SPIP_ADMIN_LOGIN=administrator
      - SPIP_ADMIN_EMAIL=me@domain.tld
      - SPIP_ADMIN_PASS=imverysecret
      - PHP_MAX_EXECUTION_TIME=60
      - PHP_MEMORY_LIMIT=256M
      - PHP_POST_MAX_SIZE=40M
      - PHP_UPLOAD_MAX_FILESIZE=32M
      - PHP_TIMEZONE=Europe/Paris
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Of course, replace the passwords and ports with whatever fits you.

You can also use an environment file to store the passwords (which is recommended if you share your config in a public repo).

Now, all you have to do to start the services is docker-compose up -d.

All the basics of the docker-compose command can be seen on their official website.

Setting up the reverse proxy

As a reverse proxy, I am currently using the Caddy server as it is really easy to use and maintain.

It also has automatic SSL certificates (with auto-renew) which I find very practical.

In order to serve Spip to users, you need to add this to your Caddyfile:

https://domain.tld { encode zstd gzip reverse_proxy 127.0.0.1:8031 }

Note: the encode zstd gzip is only used to compress pages which can improve loading times in certain browsers.

And you should be all set-up, all is left to do is the regular Spip first startup configuration!

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