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Harnessing Next.js and Firebase: Dynamic Static Path Generation for SSG

In this article, we at Itself Tools are excited to share insights from our extensive experience with Next.js and Firebase. Developing over 30 applications has taught us a lot about leveraging these technologies to build scalable, efficient web applications. A crucial aspect of our learning has been using Next.js's getStaticPaths to dynamically generate paths based on data fetched from Firebase. Here's a deep dive into how it works and why it's beneficial for your projects.

Understanding getStaticPaths

Next.js offers several data fetching methods for pre-rendering pages: getStaticProps, getServerSideProps, and getStaticPaths. The getStaticPaths function is specifically used in dynamic routes when you want to pre-render pages at build time.

Here's what a basic implementation of getStaticPaths using Firebase as a data source looks like:

export const getStaticPaths = async () => {
  const db = getFirestore();
  const postsCol = collection(db, 'posts');
  const postSnapshot = await getDocs(postsCol);
  const paths = => ({ params: { id: } }));

  return {
    fallback: 'blocking'
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Breakdown of the Code

  1. Initializing Firebase Firestore: We start by obtaining a Firestore instance from Firebase to interact with our database.

  2. Fetching Documents: We access the 'posts' collection and retrieve all documents. This is done asynchronously using await to ensure that the execution waits for the data to be fetched completely.

  3. Mapping Over Documents: For each document retrieved, we create a path object with a structure suitable for Next.js pages. Each path corresponds to a dynamic route based on the document's ID.

  4. Returning Paths and Fallback Strategy: We return an object containing an array of paths and a fallback strategy. The 'blocking' fallback tells Next.js to server-render pages on-demand if they weren't generated at build time, ensuring all requests are fulfilled without missing any paths.

Why Use This Pattern?

This approach allows developers to leverage the benefits of Static Site Generation (SSG) while dynamically creating pathways based on content that exists in a Firestore database. It enhances performance by generating pages beforehand and minimizes server response time during initial page loads.

Using getStaticPaths in this manner aids in building scalable applications that require dynamic content management but also benefit from the speed and reliability of static pages.


Adopting Next.js and Firebase for your project can significantly improve how you manage and serve dynamic content. If you'd like to see this code in action and explore its capabilities firsthand, visit some of our applications: capture high-quality videos online, optimize your images seamlessly, and record your screen effortlessly. These tools leverage the concepts we've covered and demonstrate the powerful synergy between Next.js and Firebase.

We hope this guide helps you understand and implement dynamic static path generation in your Next.js projects. Happy coding!

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