DEV Community

Antoine for Itself Tools

Posted on

Handling URL Redirections in Next.js with Middleware

In the evolving world of web development, managing user navigation and routing effectively is crucial for creating a seamless user experience. At, having developed over 30 web applications using Next.js and Firebase, we've gathered numerous insights on various features of Next.js. One of the powerful features we've leveraged is the middleware functionality of Next.js to handle URL redirections efficiently. Today, let's dive deep into how to implement a URL redirection using Next.js middleware.

Understanding the Code Snippet

Here's a basic code snippet that demonstrates URL redirection via middleware in a Next.js application:

import { NextResponse } from 'next/server';

export function middleware(request) {
  if (request.nextUrl.pathname === '/old-page') {
    return NextResponse.redirect(new URL('/new-page', request.url));
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Breakdown of the Code

  • Importing NextResponse: NextResponse is an API from next/server. It's used to manipulate responses in the middleware.
  • Middleware function: This function is triggered for every incoming request. Here, the main focus is on handling specific URL paths.
  • Conditionally Redirecting: The middleware checks if the requested pathname is /old-page. If true, it redirects the user to /new-page using NextResponse.redirect().
  • Continuing with Other Requests: If the condition is not met, is called to continue processing the request normally.

Use Cases for Middleware Redirects

  1. SEO Optimization: Redirect old URLs to new ones to preserve search rankings.
  2. User Experience: Redirect deprecated pages to new ones without user interaction.
  3. A/B Testing: Dynamically route users to different variants of a page.
  4. Maintenance or Downtime Handling: Redirect traffic from pages under maintenance.


Mastering URL redirections using Next.js middleware can significantly enhance your application’s navigation and user experience. If you're keen to see this code in action, explore some of our well-crafted applications like explore languages, word finder tool, and high capacity disposable emails. Each uses Next.js capabilities to ensure smooth and efficient user experiences.

Feel free to dive into these tools and see how advanced Next.js features are utilized in real-world applications.

Top comments (0)