Himanshu Gupta

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7 ways to convert a String to Number in JavaScript

1. Using parseInt()
parseInt() parses a string and returns a whole number. Spaces are allowed. Only the first number is returned.
This method has a limitation though. If you parse the decimal number, it will be rounded off to the nearest integer value and that value is converted to string. One might need to use parseFloat() method for literal conversion.

myString = '129'
console.log(parseInt(myString)) // expected result: 129
a = 12.22
console.log(parseInt(a)) // expected result: 12

2. Using Number()
Number() can be used to convert JavaScript variables to numbers. We can use it to convert the string too number.
If the value cannot be converted to a number, NaN is returned.

Number("10");          // returns 10
Number(" 10  ");       // returns 10
Number("10.33");       // returns 10.33

3. Using Unary Operator (+)
The unary plus operator (+) precedes its operand and evaluates to its operand but attempts to convert it into a number, if it isn't already.

const x = 25;
const y = -25;
console.log(+x); // expected output: 25
console.log(+y); // expected output: -25
console.log(+''); // expected output: 0

4. Using parseFloat()
parseFloat() parses a string and returns a number. Spaces are allowed. Only the first number is returned.

parseFloat("10");        // returns 10
parseFloat("10.33");     // returns 10.33
parseFloat("10 20 30");  // returns 10
parseFloat("10 years");  // returns 10
parseFloat("years 10");  // returns NaN

5. Using Math.floor()
The Math.floor() function returns the largest integer less than or equal to a given number. This can be little tricky with decimal numbers since it will return the value of the nearest integer as Number.

str = '1222'
console.log(Math.floor(str)) // returns 1222
a = 12.22
Math.floor(a) // expected result: 12

6. Multiply with number
Multiplying the string value with the 1 which wonβt change the value and also it will be converted to number by default.

str = '2344'
console.log(str * 1) // expected result: 2344

7. Double tilde (~~) Operator
We can use the double tilde operator to convert the string to number.

str = '1234'
console.log(~~str) // expected result: 1234
negStr = '-234'
console.log(~~negStr) // expected result: -234

Jon Randy ποΈ • Edited

Using ~~ suffers from a similar issue to Math.floor with regard to decimals - it will simply cut the decimal part instead of rounding down to the nearest integer. Math.trunc will also do this:

~~"234.5"  // 234
~~"-234.5"  // -234

Math.trunc("234.5")  // 234
Math.trunc("-234.5")  // -234

Math.floor("234.5")  // 234
Math.floor("-234.5")  // -235

Himanshu Gupta

Thankyou this is helpfull for me.