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Introduction and Types of DBMS

hebaShakeel
A Computer Science Student
・2 min read

What is data?
Data is a real type object or entity.

What is information?
It is processed, structured, organized and interpreted data

What is Database?
Database is a collection of tables, records and key constraints.

What is DBMS?

  1. DBMS is a software for storing data in a database.
  2. DBMS allows to update, modify and create data in the database.
  3. DBMS also provides security and protection to the database.
  4. DBMS acts as a middle layer between the database and the user.

Advantages of DBMS

  1. Minimal of data redundancy(repetition).
  2. Easy access to data from database using query language.
  3. It facilitates backup and recovery.
  4. Better Data Integrity(maintaining consistency).
  5. Use of Integrity Constraints(Keys).
  6. It increases consistency and reduces errors

Disadvantages of DBMS

  1. Complex and Time consuming to design DBMS.
  2. Cost of hardware and software is high to run DBMS software.
  3. DBMS consumes large amount of Main Memory and disk space to run efficiently.
  4. Initial training is required for all users to use DBMS.

Examples of DBMS

  1. SQL Server
  2. Oracle
  3. MySQL
  4. DB2

Components of DBMS

  1. Software
  2. Hardware
  3. Data
  4. Procedure
  5. Users

Applications of DBMS

  1. Railway Reservation System
  2. Library management system
  3. Banking
  4. Education sector
  5. Credit card transaction
  6. Social media sires
  7. Finance
  8. Online Shopping
  9. Human Resource management
  10. Manufacturing
  11. Telecommunication (eg. TRAI->Telecom Regularity Authority of India)

Types of DBMS

  1. Hierarchical DBMS (Tree-like structure)
  2. Network DBMS (Graph-like structure)
  3. Relational DBMS (Related)
  4. Object Oriented DBMS

Hierarchical DBMS - It is a system in which the data elements have a one to many relationship (1 : N).
This DBMS organizes data in a tree-like structure, similar to a folder structure in your computer system.

Network DBMS - It is a system in which the data elements have a one to one relationship (1 : 1) or many to many relationship (N : N).
This DBMS also has a hierarchical structure, but it organizes data in a graph-like structure.
This DBMS is the most widely used database system before the introduction of relational DBMS (RDBMS).

Relational DBMS
1) This DBMS was introduced by E.F Codd in 1970.
2) In this DBMS, every data item of a table is related to every other data item in another table (OR) Every table is linked (logically) with every other table.
3) Example : SQL Server, MySQL, Oracle

Object-Oriented DBMS - Every data is stored in the form of objects.Inheritance, Encapsulation and other properties of Objects can also be achieved.

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Thank You!
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