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Hashir Afzal
Hashir Afzal

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10 Best Programming Languages to Learn in 2024: Scale Your Web Development Skills

"Welcome to our thrilling journey through the top 10 programming languages that are shaping the digital landscape! From Python's versatility to Java's robustness, join us as we unravel the secrets behind each language. Whether you're a curious beginner or a seasoned developer, get ready for expert insights, practical tips, and exciting tutorials that will ignite your passion for coding. Let's dive into the world of programming and unlock the endless possibilities together!"

10 Best Programming Languages of 2024

Rank Language Popularity
1 Python 28.59%
2 Java 15.79%
3 JavaScript 8.7%
4 C# 6.77%
5 C/C++ 6.76%
6 R 4.71%
7 PHP 4.5%
8 TypeScript 2.86%
9 Swift 2.74%
10 Objective-C 2.4%

Let's see brief information about each of these programming languages:

  1. Python:

    • Introduction: Python is a high-level, general-purpose programming language known for its simplicity and readability. It was created by Guido van Rossum and first released in 1991. Python emphasizes code readability and allows programmers to express concepts in fewer lines of code compared to other languages.
    • Advantages: Easy to learn, versatile, extensive standard library, strong community support, used in various domains like web development, data science, machine learning, and automation.
    • Disadvantages: Slower execution speed compared to compiled languages like C++, weak in mobile computing and game development.
  2. Java:

    • Introduction: Java is a widely used object-oriented programming language developed by Sun Microsystems (acquired by Oracle Corporation). It was released in 1995 and is designed to have minimal implementation dependencies. Java applications are typically compiled to bytecode that can run on any Java Virtual Machine (JVM).
    • Advantages: Platform independence, strong community support, robust security features, large ecosystem of libraries and frameworks.
    • Disadvantages: Verbosity (requires more lines of code compared to languages like Python), slower performance compared to compiled languages like C++.
  3. JavaScript:

    • Introduction: JavaScript is a lightweight, interpreted programming language primarily used for adding interactivity to web pages. Developed by Brendan Eich at Netscape Communications, it was first released in 1995. JavaScript is a core technology of the World Wide Web alongside HTML and CSS.
    • Advantages: Widely supported by web browsers, runs on the client side, versatile (can be used for front-end and back-end development), large ecosystem of libraries and frameworks.
    • Disadvantages: Inconsistent browser support, potential security vulnerabilities, asynchronous programming model can lead to callback hell.
  4. C#:

    • Introduction: C# (pronounced as "C sharp") is a modern, general-purpose programming language developed by Microsoft within its .NET initiative. It was first released in 2000 and is designed for building a wide range of applications on the Microsoft platform.
    • Advantages: Easy integration with Windows operating system and Microsoft tools, strong typing, extensive support for object-oriented programming, robust security features.
    • Disadvantages: Limited cross-platform support, learning curve for beginners, primarily tied to the Windows ecosystem.
  5. C/C++:

    • Introduction: C and C++ are widely-used programming languages known for their high performance and efficiency. C, developed by Dennis Ritchie at Bell Labs in the early 1970s, serves as the basis for C++. C++ was developed by Bjarne Stroustrup at Bell Labs in the late 1970s as an extension of C.
    • Advantages: High performance, low-level control over system resources, extensive use in system programming, game development, and embedded systems.
    • Disadvantages: Steeper learning curve, lack of memory safety features leading to potential security vulnerabilities, requires manual memory management.
  6. R:

    • Introduction: R is a programming language and software environment primarily used for statistical computing and graphics. It was created by Ross Ihaka and Robert Gentleman at the University of Auckland, New Zealand, and first appeared in 1993. R is widely used in academia and research communities.
    • Advantages: Extensive statistical and graphical capabilities, large number of packages available for various data analysis tasks, strong community support.
    • Disadvantages: Steeper learning curve, slower execution speed compared to languages like Python or Java, not as versatile for general-purpose programming tasks.
  7. PHP:

    • Introduction: PHP (Hypertext Preprocessor) is a server-side scripting language widely used for web development. Created by Danish-Canadian programmer Rasmus Lerdorf in 1994, PHP originally stood for Personal Home Page. It's now known as a recursive initialism.
    • Advantages: Easy to learn, integrates seamlessly with HTML, extensive documentation and community support, used in popular content management systems like WordPress.
    • Disadvantages: Inconsistent language design, security vulnerabilities if not used properly, slower performance compared to some other server-side scripting languages.
  8. TypeScript:

    • Introduction: TypeScript is a typed superset of JavaScript developed by Microsoft. It adds optional static typing to the language, which aims to improve the development experience by catching errors at compile time rather than runtime.
    • Advantages: Adds type safety to JavaScript, enhances code maintainability and scalability, supports modern JavaScript features, compiles to clean, readable JavaScript code.
    • Disadvantages: Requires additional learning curve compared to plain JavaScript, adds complexity to development workflow, some overhead due to compilation step.
  9. Swift:

    • Introduction: Swift is a programming language developed by Apple for iOS, macOS, watchOS, and tvOS app development. It was first released in 2014 as a replacement for Objective-C, with a focus on safety, performance, and modern language features.
    • Advantages: Fast and efficient, modern syntax, strong emphasis on safety (e.g., optionals, type inference), interoperability with Objective-C.
    • Disadvantages: Rapidly evolving language, limited adoption outside of Apple ecosystem, some features may not be backward-compatible with older Swift versions.
  10. Objective-C:

    • Introduction: Objective-C is a general-purpose, object-oriented programming language developed by Brad Cox and Tom Love in the early 1980s. It was the primary language used by Apple for macOS and iOS app development before the introduction of Swift.
    • Advantages: Mature language with extensive libraries and frameworks, widely used in Apple development for many years, provides full access to Apple's APIs.
    • Disadvantages: Steeper learning curve compared to modern languages, verbose syntax, not as intuitive or expressive as newer languages like Swift.

These languages cater to various domains and have their own strengths and weaknesses, making them suitable for different types of projects and development environments.

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Top comments (9)

sergeypodgornyy profile image
Info Comment hidden by post author - thread only accessible via permalink
Sergey Podgornyy

Disagree with PHP Disadvantages:

  • Inconsistent language design: I'd like to see any proof of this
  • security vulnerabilities if not used properly: PHP provides good security practices and is quite secure in its latest version. If not used properly, any programming language can be vulnerable
  • slower performance compared to some other server-side scripting languages: that is not true as well, as the latest version of PHP, performance benchmarks are faster than Python, Node.js, or Ruby.

The real disadvantages are:

  • restricted to web only
  • does not support asynchronous actions
  • does not support Non-blocking I/O

In general, your post looks like a ChatGPT-generated answer.

metacatdud profile image

Yeah, I have the same felling about this post. I mean objective-c or R (niche language for statistics and anlaysis) over Golang or Rust?

Both have great support for wasm, for example, if we are talking about web development in '24 and on

armen_arzumanyan_c9c9bfc9 profile image
Armen Arzumanyan

if you code for a production just use java

amiceli profile image

I am surprised Python is number one ^^.
Where does the order of languages ​​come from ?

hashirdev profile image
Hashir Afzal

Here's the source Amiceli :

peter-fencer profile image
Peter Vivo

In my list is Rust, Python, Java at this moment. So I really miss the Rust from the list.

hashirdev profile image
Hashir Afzal

sorry man, but good news is rust is on number 11. So, not too far from the league.

devluc profile image

Interesting roundup, thanks for sharing it

hashirdev profile image
Hashir Afzal

Happy to know that you found in useful 🙌

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