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Migrating and configuring Eslint with Angular 11

gsarciotto profile image Giovanni Sarciotto Updated on ・7 min read

In this post we will walk through migrating and configuring an Angular 11 project to utilize ESLint and as a bonus add the Prettier formatter.

[21/01/2021 Update]: See the Prettier session.

Introduction

With Angular 11 release it was announced that the TSlint (deprecated in 2019) linter was to be replaced by ESLint and there was a 3rd-party solution to help with the migration as well as specific Angular linting rules for ESLint.

I will use a new project generated by the Angular CLI v11.0.2 as example, though it should be very straightforward to migrate an already existing project provided it doesn't use other tools that integrates with TSlint. The team at eslint-angular made a very good job of automating the process.

Migration

To do the migration we first need to install the convert-tslint-to-eslint schematic. Run the following in the root folder of your project(s):

ng add @angular-eslint/schematics
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Now you have to choose the project you want to migrate. Then run the schematic as follows, replacing the {{}} bit for your project name:

ng g @angular-eslint/schematics:convert-tslint-to-eslint {{YOUR_PROJECT_NAME_GOES_HERE}}
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What the schematics will do is look at the chosen project's tslint.json and try to match your TSlint rules with ESLint rules in a new file .eslintrc.json, adjust your Angular configurations to use ESLint instead of TSlint as well as replace tslint:disable comments to their ESLint equivalent.
Pay attention to your terminal output, any rules that it can't match or if it needed to install any additional dependencies will be shown there.

And that's it, the migration should be over. If you are feeling brave you can delete the tslint.json file and uninstall both tslint and codelyzer from your project or test to see if it works and delete them later!

Customizing ESLint

If you already had customized your TSlint rules, then the schematics should have taken care of converting them to ESLint equivalents. However if it couldn't do it or if you don't like the current rules, you can easily modify your configurations. First let's take a look at how ESLint configurations are structured.

ESLint configuration structure

ESLint allows for heavy customization. It allows for plugins, different parsers, overrides, extending from others configurations defined elsewhere and more. I will cover the basics to allow us to understand what we are doing and if you want to learn more feel free to look at the docs.

Let's take a look at the configuration that was generated from a new CLI project:

.eslintrc.json
{
  "root": true,
  "ignorePatterns": [
    "projects/**/*"
  ],
  "overrides": [
    {
      "files": [
        "*.ts"
      ],
      "parserOptions": {
        "project": [
          "tsconfig.json",
          "e2e/tsconfig.json"
        ],
        "createDefaultProgram": true
      },
      "extends": [
        "plugin:@angular-eslint/ng-cli-compat",
        "plugin:@angular-eslint/ng-cli-compat--formatting-add-on",
        "plugin:@angular-eslint/template/process-inline-templates"
      ],
      "rules": {
        "@angular-eslint/component-selector": [
          "error",
          {
            "type": "element",
            "prefix": "app",
            "style": "kebab-case"
          }
        ],
        "@angular-eslint/directive-selector": [
          "error",
          {
            "type": "attribute",
            "prefix": "app",
            "style": "camelCase"
          }
        ]
      }
    },
    {
      "files": [
        "*.html"
      ],
      "extends": [
        "plugin:@angular-eslint/template/recommended"
      ],
      "rules": {}
    }
  ]
}
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Notice that most of the configuration is inside the overrides field. This is because in an Angular project we have Typescript and HTML files. So each file type that we want to lint will need different parsers and plugins. To avoid conflicts, ESLint provides us with the overrides field to allows us to separate the rules for different file types (notice the *.html and *.ts in the files array of each entry of the overrides array).

Another important field to look at is the extends field. It allows us to utilize configurations defined elsewhere inside this file. These other configuration files can be created by us or installed via npm or from the internet in general. A very popular configuration is the AirBnB's one.

In my configuration above, we see configurations that come with the @angular-eslint plugin: "plugin:@angular-eslint/ng-cli-compat" and "plugin:@angular-eslint/ng-cli-compat--formatting-add-on". These two configurations were created to make it easy for the @angular-eslint team to do the automatic matching of TSlint rules and ESLint ones. I find them weak, for example: it won't warn or show as error unused variables. If we only want to change a few rules, then we can just use the rules field. I want a more drastic change so I will utilize other configurations such as @angular-eslint/recommended, which @angular-eslint team recommends.

Changing the configurations

First I will remove both "plugin:@angular-eslint/ng-cli-compat" and "plugin:@angular-eslint/ng-cli-compat--formatting-add-on" from the "extends" field and add the "plugin:@angular-eslint/recommended". Make sure you are making the modifications in the Typescript entry of overrides.

For now, our configuration looks like this:

"extends": [
        "plugin:@angular-eslint/recommended",
        "plugin:@angular-eslint/template/process-inline-templates"
      ],
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The standard Typescript rules, parser and configurations for ESLint with Typescript comes from typescript-eslint. The migration schematics already installed it for us, since @angular-eslint uses it under the hood. I will then extends the following configurations: eslint:recommended, plugin:@typescript-eslint/recommended and plugin:@typescript-eslint/recommended-requiring-type-checking. You can see what these configs rules are in these links: eslint:recommended, typescript-eslint/recommended and typescript-eslint/recommended-requiring-type-checking, but a brief explanation is that eslint:recommended adds some basic rules such as no unused variables, typescript-eslint/recommended disables some conflicting rules from eslint:recommended for usage with Typescript and adds some general Typescript rules, at last typescript-eslint/recommended-requiring-type-checking adds some types rules. The configuration looks like this:

"extends": [
        "plugin:@angular-eslint/recommended",
        "eslint:recommended",
        "plugin:@typescript-eslint/recommended",
        "plugin:@typescript-eslint/recommended-requiring-type-checking",
        "plugin:@angular-eslint/template/process-inline-templates"
      ],
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The order matters. If we had included typescript-recommended before eslint:recommended, then the conflicting rules would be enabled.

Test the configuration

Check to see if everything is working. For example, in your configuration above, the no unused variables is enabled, so open a Typescript file and create a new variable and check if the linting works.

linting test

In the image above, I'm using VSCode editor, you can install an extension on it so that it runs the linter inside the editor and show errors while you type.

If you would like to change specific rules, you can do so at the "rule" entry.

Bonus: Adding Prettier

[21/01/2021 Update]: There are problems with the inline-templates plugin and prettier, see this issue. If you use inline-templates, then I would recommend changing to external templates or don't do the prettier integration for now.

First of all, what is Prettier? It is an opinionated code formatter. And the best of all is that you can enable it to run when ESLint lints your code or in your CI pipeline! No more declined PRs because of bad formatting, just agree on a set of rules with your team and let it do the formatting for you.

Installing dependencies

We will need to add 3 dependencies (as dev dependencies) to our project: prettier, eslint-config-prettier and eslint-plugin-prettier.

npm install -D prettier eslint-config-prettier eslint-plugin-prettier
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They are needed for doing the formatting but also disabling some formatting rules of ESLint so that there are no conflicts between Prettier and ESLint.

Integrating Prettier and ESLint

Now on the .eslintrc.json file, we just need to add the plugins to our "extends" field:

"extends": [
        "plugin:@angular-eslint/recommended",
        "plugin:@angular-eslint/template/process-inline-templates",
        "eslint:recommended",
        "plugin:@typescript-eslint/recommended",
        "plugin:@typescript-eslint/recommended-requiring-type-checking",
        "prettier/@typescript-eslint",
        "plugin:prettier/recommended"
      ],
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If you want to enable the formatting in your .html files, then you need to add these two new lines in the HTML entry of the "overrides" field.

"extends": [
        "plugin:@angular-eslint/template/recommended",
        "prettier/@typescript-eslint",
        "plugin:prettier/recommended"
      ],
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IMPORTANT: The prettier entries should be at the end of the "extends" array and in the order above. This is so that the prettier config disables ESLint rules that conflicts with its own rules.

Optional: Customizing Prettier

Although Prettier is opinionated and comes with defaults, you can do some customizations. For that we need to create a .prettierrc file (you can also create the file as .js or .json) in the root folder and put the configurations that we want. You can see the options here.

My current options are:

{
    "tabWidth": 4,
    "useTabs": true,
    "semi": true,
    "singleQuote": false,
    "quoteProps": "as-needed",
    "trailingComma": "none",
    "bracketSpacing": true,
    "arrowParens": "always"
}
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Final configuration

{
  "root": true,
  "ignorePatterns": [
    "projects/**/*"
  ],
  "overrides": [
    {
      "files": [
        "*.ts"
      ],
      "parserOptions": {
        "project": [
          "tsconfig.json",
          "e2e/tsconfig.json"
        ],
        "createDefaultProgram": true
      },
      "extends": [
        "plugin:@angular-eslint/recommended",
        "plugin:@angular-eslint/template/process-inline-templates",
        "eslint:recommended",
        "plugin:@typescript-eslint/recommended",
        "plugin:@typescript-eslint/recommended-requiring-type-checking",
        "prettier/@typescript-eslint",
        "plugin:prettier/recommended"
      ],
      "rules": {
        "@angular-eslint/component-selector": [
          "error",
          {
            "type": "element",
            "prefix": "app",
            "style": "kebab-case"
          }
        ],
        "@angular-eslint/directive-selector": [
          "error",
          {
            "type": "attribute",
            "prefix": "app",
            "style": "camelCase"
          }
        ]
      }
    },
    {
      "files": [
        "*.html"
      ],
      "extends": [
        "plugin:@angular-eslint/template/recommended",
        "prettier/@typescript-eslint",
        "plugin:prettier/recommended"
      ],
      "rules": {}
    }
  ]
}
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Conclusion

In this article we saw how to migrate a TSlint Angular project to an ESLint one. We did just some basic customization, we could have added linting for .css or .scss files or specific linting for your .spec.ts files. I recommend you taking a look at the ESLint ecosystem and configuring it to your liking!

Discussion

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fabio984 profile image
fabio984

Hi, after eslint setup should we delete the lint
@angular-eslint/schematics": "1.0.0",
from package.json? Otherwise when npm install it warns that TSLINT is deprecated.

Finding which package depends on it:

npm ls tslint
-- @angular-eslint/schematics@1.0.0
-- tslint-to-eslint-config@2.0.1
`-- tslint@6.1.3

tkx

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gsarciotto profile image
Giovanni Sarciotto Author

I don't think it would cause any problems to uninstall the schematics after the transition.

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pmo1948 profile image
pmo1948

Hi,
Once everything has been configured, is there a way to run it, or add it to a github hook?
Before, I could run npm lint, where that would run ng lint and I could use that as needed. I tried running eslint from the terminal, but it did not give me any errors. (I know I have errors though, bc Webstorm is letting me know)

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pmo1948 profile image
pmo1948

solution - in angular.json, change "builder" : "@angular-devkit/build-angular:tslint" to "builder": "@angular-eslint/builder:lint"

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nelisbijl profile image
nelisbijl

Great article. However...

"plugin:@angular-eslint/template/process-inline-templates"
seems to extract an inline template and feed it to the html linter
The prettier extension for *.html ("plugin:prettier/recommended") produces errors regarding the code formatting. The indicated error position is wrong and you won't be able to resolve this anyhow inside your inline template.

Either use external templates or stop using the process-inline-templates extension. It does not seem to kill all linting as I still noticed a warning for a missing closing tag. What exactly you do loose, I don't know.

This issue seems related:
github.com/angular-eslint/angular-...

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gsarciotto profile image
Giovanni Sarciotto Author

Yeah, I don't use inline templates so I didn't notice anything related to that, I will link this issue in the article. Thanks for the head up

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jwuliger profile image
Jared

Thanks for this article. It was beneficial and needed.

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gsarciotto profile image
Giovanni Sarciotto Author

Thanks! Glad I could help :)

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fabio984 profile image
fabio984

I don't know what I did wrong but I'm only getting ts warns (not eslint).
see (open in new tab) :
dev-to-uploads.s3.amazonaws.com/i/...

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gsarciotto profile image
Giovanni Sarciotto Author

Did you integrated VSCode to lint on save? (see this extension)

If you did, are you using the same rules as in the article?