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Python vs Javascript: The differences.

Python or Javascript?

Python and JavaScript are among the most popular languages used by developers everywhere. Both languages are very different in terms of syntax, structure, and how they are used. As a new software engineer, understanding the differences between Python and JavaScript can be important if you are unsure of what type of work you would prefer to do on the job.

In this post, I will cover the key differences between Python and JavaScript to help others that are new to the field get an idea of what they may enjoy learning about or working with the most.

Syntax and Structure
In terms of syntax, Python is known for its clean and easy-to-read format, which is heavily influenced by its use of whitespace. JavaScript, however, has a much more complex syntax, which can make it more a little more difficult for newcomers to understand.

In terms of structure, Python is labeled as object-oriented programming (OOP), meaning it uses objects and classes to organize code. JavaScript can be used for both OOP and functional programming making JavaScript a little more flexible in terms of code organization.

How they are used
Python is quite popular for data science and machine learning. It has a large number of libraries and frameworks that make it easy to write complex apps very quickly. Python is also known for its readability, making it a popular choice for writing scripts and automation tools, or even being the first language somebody will learn.

JavaScript is almost always used for web development, but it has been increasingly used for server-side applications and mobile app development. JavaScript is the language of the web, and it is used quite often in front-end development to create interactive web pages and applications.

Python is an interpreted language, meaning it executes code line by line as it is read. This can make it slower than compiled languages like C++ and others. However, Python has several libraries that make it easy to optimize code for performance which can help in some of its downfalls.

JavaScript is compiled at runtime rather than ahead of time. This can make it faster than interpreted languages like Python. However, JavaScript can also suffer from performance issues if not written well or optimized.

Community and Support
Python has a large and active community of developers, which means there are a lot of resources available online for collaboration and learning. Python also has several active open-source resources allowing for many libraries and frameworks to be available for anyone to use.

JavaScript also has a large community of developers, but it can be spread a bit thin due to the wide variety of use cases and different frameworks available. That being said, JavaScript has a strong presence on platforms like Stack Overflow and GitHub, leaving tons of resources available for learning or experienced alike!

In conclusion, both Python and JavaScript are powerful programming languages with their strengths and weaknesses. Python is a great choice for data science, machine learning, and some cases of web development, while JavaScript is the language of the web and is used extensively for front-end development. Ultimately, the choice between Python and JavaScript will depend on your specific project requirements and personal preferences as a developer, but it is always good to be informed when deciding what to learn or how to build a project.

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