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Sachin Gadekar
Sachin Gadekar

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Automated Testing Using Cucumber

Are you looking to streamline your testing process and ensure the quality of your software? Look no further! In this guide, we'll walk you through the basics of automated testing using Cucumber and Selenium, two powerful tools that can revolutionize your testing workflow.

What is Automated Testing?

Automated testing involves using software tools to execute pre-scripted tests on software applications before they are released into production. This helps identify bugs, regressions, and other issues early in the development process, saving time and ensuring a smoother user experience.

Why Cucumber and Selenium?

Cucumber is a popular tool for behavior-driven development (BDD) that allows you to write test cases in a human-readable format. Selenium is a powerful framework for automating web applications, allowing you to interact with web elements and simulate user actions.

Setting Up Your Environment

Before we dive into writing tests, let's set up our environment. You'll need:

  1. Java Development Kit (JDK): Make sure you have JDK installed on your machine.
  2. Maven: Maven is a build automation tool used primarily for Java projects. Install Maven to manage dependencies and build your project.
  3. Eclipse or IntelliJ IDEA: Choose your preferred Integrated Development Environment (IDE) for writing and running your tests.
  4. Cucumber and Selenium Dependencies: Add dependencies for Cucumber and Selenium in your Maven pom.xml file.

Writing Your First Test

Now that your environment is set up, let's write our first test. We'll create a simple scenario to test the login functionality of a web application.

  1. Feature File: Start by creating a .feature file where you'll define your test scenarios in Gherkin syntax. For example:
Feature: Login Functionality
  Scenario: Successful Login
    Given I am on the login page
    When I enter my username and password
    And I click the login button
    Then I should be logged in successfully
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  1. Step Definitions: Map each step in your feature file to corresponding step definitions in Java code. These step definitions will interact with your application using Selenium. For example:
public class StepDefinitions {
    WebDriver driver = new ChromeDriver();

    @Given("^I am on the login page$")
    public void i_am_on_the_login_page() {

    @When("^I enter my username and password$")
    public void i_enter_my_username_and_password() {

    @And("^I click the login button$")
    public void i_click_the_login_button() {

    @Then("^I should be logged in successfully$")
    public void i_should_be_logged_in_successfully() {
        Assert.assertEquals("", driver.getCurrentUrl());
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  1. Running Your Tests: Now, you can run your tests either from your IDE or using Maven commands. Maven will compile your code, execute your tests, and generate reports.

Automated testing is a crucial aspect of modern software development, and mastering tools like Cucumber and Selenium can greatly enhance your productivity and the quality of your software.

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