DEV Community

Cover image for Building a Spatial Database using QGIS and PostgreSQL
Eyuel Berga Woldemichael
Eyuel Berga Woldemichael

Posted on

Building a Spatial Database using QGIS and PostgreSQL

In this article, we will look at how we can setup a Spatial database in PostgreSQL using the PostGIS extension and how we can connect it to QGIS, a free and Open Source Geographic Information System.

1. Setup PostgreSQL and PostGIS

The first thing we need to do is install the PostgreSQL database server on our local machine. For this demo, we are using a Linux system and the steps followed are for Ubuntu 18.04. If you have a different operating system follow instructions on how to install PostgreSQL on the Official Downloads Page.

  • Use the standard APT package manager to install PostgreSQL on the terminal
$ sudo apt-get install postgresql postgresql-contrib pgadmin
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode
  • Add PostGIS extension to PostgreSQL server
$ sudo apt-get install postgis
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode
  • If the previous steps went well, you should now have postgreSQL installed along with pgAdmin, an Open Source administration and development platform for PostgreSQL. Use pgAdmin to create a new user for our database.

Create a PostgreSQL user

  • Lets now create our database. We will name it addis_ababa. We will use this database to store spatial information about the city of Addis Ababa. After creating the database add the PostGIS extension, which adds support for geographic objects allowing location queries to be run in SQL.

Add PostGIS extension

2. Query OpenStreetMap data using the QuickOSM plugin on QGIS

Now that we have successfully setup our database, the next step is to get some spatial data. We will get data from OpenStreetMap using the Overpass API. To make our job easy, we will use the QuickOSM plugin.

We first need to install the plugin using the Plugin manager. Then we can run our queries using the Quick query option. The queries follow the Overpass API query syntax.

The image below shows one of the queries we run to get data about banks from OpenStreetMaps

running Overpass API query and converting it into a vector layer using QuickOSM

We repeat this process for all of the facilities we want to include in our database.

3. Add Spatial Data to our Database using DB Manager

We then import the vector layers to our PostGIS database using the DB Manager. But before we can do that, we need to connect our local PostgreSQL server to QGIS.

Go to the Browser panel and right-click on PostGIS then New Connection... Next, configure all the required settings.

Configuring a new PostGIS connection

We should now have a connection established with our database server. After that we can import layers one by one to the database using the DB Manager. We use the import Vector layer option to add it to the database.

Importing Vector Layer to PostGIS database using DB Manager

Done!

At the end we should make sure everything works as expected. Go to pgAdmin and check if the tables are added or see if the tables appear in QGIS browser Panel under PostGIS.

That's all for this article, please share your suggestions in the comment section.

Discussion (0)