DEV Community

Cover image for Generate Strong and Secure Passwords with Go: A Step-by-Step Guide πŸ”πŸ‘¨β€πŸ’»
Ekemini Samuel
Ekemini Samuel

Posted on


Generate Strong and Secure Passwords with Go: A Step-by-Step Guide πŸ”πŸ‘¨β€πŸ’»

πŸš€Welcome back to my journey of learning back-end development with Go! In this follow-up tutorial, I will be sharing my experience building a password generator program in Go. This program is a great example of how you can use Go to build simple yet valuable applications.

Building a password generator is a great exercise for beginners and intermediate developers alike, as it provides a practical application of Go's core concepts, such as data types, functions, and control structures.

In this tutorial, I will provide a step-by-step guide to building the password generator program, including a sample code that you can use as a starting point. I will also discuss some of the ways in which you can customise the program to meet your specific needs.

Whether you are a beginner looking to gain hands-on experience with Go or an experienced developer looking to build and document, this tutorial provides a valuable resource. I hope it will be of help to you in your own learning journey.

In today's digital age, strong and secure passwords are essential to protect sensitive information such as personal data, financial and confidential business information. A password generator can be a useful tool for creating strong, random passwords.


Before you start building your password generator program, make sure you have the Go installed on your computer:

Follow the instructions at to install Go on your computer.

Building the Password Generator Program

Here are the steps to building a password generator program in Go:

  1. Create a new project: In your terminal, command prompt or code editor, navigate to your Go workspace and create a new directory for your project.

  2. Write the code: Open a new file named main.go in your project directory and write the following code into the file.

package main

import (

const (
    letterBytes = "abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ"
    specialBytes = "!@#$%^&*()_+-=[]{}\\|;':\",.<>/?`~"
    numBytes = "0123456789"

func init() {

func generatePassword(length int, useLetters bool, useSpecial bool, useNum bool) string {
    b := make([]byte, length)
    for i := range b {
        if useLetters {
            b[i] = letterBytes[rand.Intn(len(letterBytes))]
        } else if useSpecial {
            b[i] = specialBytes[rand.Intn(len(specialBytes))]
        } else if useNum {
            b[i] = numBytes[rand.Intn(len(numBytes))]
    return string(b)

func main() {
    password := generatePassword(12, true, true, true)
    fmt.Println("Random password:", password)

Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

This code implements a password generator program in Go. The generatePassword function takes four parameters: length, useLetters, useSpecial, and useNum. The length parameter specifies the length of the password to be generated. The useLetters, useSpecial, and useNum parameters specify whether to include uppercase letters, special characters, and numbers, respectively.

  1. Run the program: In your terminal/command prompt, navigate to your project directory and run the command go run main.go. You should see a randomly generated password printed in the console.

Customizing the Program

We can then customize the password generator program to include more options for generating passwords or change the way passwords are generated. For example, we can add an option to specify the number of uppercase letters, special characters, and numbers to include in the password.
Additionally, the password generator program can easily be customized to meet specific needs. This could include changing the length of the password, the types of characters included, or adding additional options for users to choose from. By making these modifications, you can tailor the program to meet your own requirements, making it an even more valuable tool in your back-end development toolkit.

To generate passwords that include numbers and special characters, we can modify the generatePassword function as follows:

func generatePassword(length int, includeNumber bool, includeSpecial bool) string {
    const charset = "abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ"
    var password []byte
    var charSource string

    if includeNumber {
        charSource += "0123456789"
    if includeSpecial {
        charSource += "!@#$%^&*()_+=-"
    charSource += charset

    for i := 0; i < length; i++ {
        randNum := rand.Intn(len(charSource))
        password = append(password, charSource[randNum])
    return string(password)

Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

In this modification, two new arguments, includeNumber and includeSpecial, are added to the generatePassword function. These arguments determine whether numbers and special characters should be included in the password or not.
If either of these arguments is set to true, the corresponding characters are added to the charSource string. The charSource string is then used as the source of characters to generate the password.

We can then update the code that calls the generatePassword function to specify whether numbers and special characters should be included or not:

password := generatePassword(12, true, true)

Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

This will then generate a password that is 12 characters long and includes both numbers and special characters.


In this tutorial, we covered how to build a password generator program in Go. We explained the basic steps involved in building the program and provided a sample code that you can use as a starting point. With a few modifications, you can customize the program to meet your specific needs. Whether you are a developer looking to add password generation functionality to your application or a user looking for a quick and easy way to generate strong passwords, this tutorial provides a solid foundation for your next project.

I hope you found this tutorial helpful. If you have any questions or comments, feel free to reach out.

Happy coding!πŸ‘¨β€πŸ’»

Top comments (0)

Yes, this is technically an β€œad”, but hear me out.

We have 900k+ developers reading, posting, and enjoying community, and would love to have you.

Create an account and continue your coding journey.