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# Clarity on logical operator js

Logical Operator JavaScript(LOJ) is very much familiar with logic gate, if you are computer scientist or mathematician, this will be friendly with you. Nevertheless I am not one, so meaning you can understand it too.

The main focus will be on LOJ but let check out brief explanation on logic gate.

# Logic gates

logic gate is the principle of any digital system. It used to perform logical operations on single or multiple binary inputs and return(result) one binary output.

This is a basic concept in the studies of electronic and digital service mainly based on the concept of boolean function.

## Types of logic gate

Computer is program to understand only boolean function or binary system; which are only 0 (False or No) and 1 (True or Yes).

### 1. AND gate:

In the result or output, it always return False (0) but if both the input are True (1), then the output is True. ### OR gate:

In the output, it always return True (1) but if both the input are False (0), then the output is False. ### NOT gate:

The output is always opposite of the input in boolean expression. combine gate is the joining of many gate together, which are:

#### NAND gate:

The output is always the opposite of the output of the AND gate. #### NOR gate:

The output is always the opposite of the output of the OR gate. ##### XOR gate:

In the output, it always return True but if both the input are either False or True, then the output is False. ##### XNOR gate:

In the output, always return False but if both the input are either False or True, then the output is True. Diagramatic operation of logic gates  # Logical operator js

JavaScript Logical operator allows us to compare the expressions/arguments/statements between variables or values.

It can also be used to control a boolean or set termination conditions for loops.

## Types of logical operator js

### - And operator ( && )

:
The `&&` operator compares two expressions. If the first is express as true value, the result will be the value of the second expression. If the first is express as false value, the result will be the value of the first expression. This simply means always return `false` except both condition are true.

### Or operator ( || ):

The `||` operator compares two expressions. If the first is express as false value, the result will be the value of the second expression. If the first is express as true value, the result will be the value of the first expression. This simply means always return `true` except both condition are false.

### Not operator ( ! ):

The `!` operator always return (output) the inverse of the argument of either false or true value. ### Nullish coalescing operator ( ?? ):

The `??` operator always return the first argument (that is define), if it is not null or undefined. The difference between `??` and `||` is that the `??` returns the first define value while `||` returns the first true value. ### Optional Chaining Operator ( ?. ):

The `?.` operator returns undefined, if item or value in object is undefined or null, instead of throwing syntax error. In precedence And operator `&&` is higher than Or operator `||`.

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Furthermore explanation on logic gate

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