I wish I knew. Sorry! Bye!
All kidding aside, I think I may be able to steer you in the right direction if you're willing to take the time to build a strong foundation.
After reading The Structure and Interpretation of the Computer Science Curriculum and How to Design Programs I came to the understanding that we teach programming poorly by conflating domain knowledge with program design and we never explicitly show our students how to design programs.
That's the surprising thing. It's relevant because all the concepts it teaches is 100% transferable to any programming language but especially to Elm.
Read "A Graphical Editor" to see what I mean.
Or, read about how to design a function that sorts to see how the design recipe causes the implementation to just fall out.
The only thing I don't like about the book is that it's not in Elm.
But my claim is that if you want to learn how to design programs in Elm then you should read HTDP (until something like it that's Elm specific comes along).
Finally, for those interested in teaching programming I leave you with "Matthias Felleisen: The First Year".