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Suraj Vishwakarma for Documatic

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Data Privacy Laws: Navigating Compliance in the Age of Big Data

Data Privacy Laws: Navigating Compliance in the Age of Big Data


In modern applications, the need for data from the user is rapidly increasing. This can be in the form of a registration form, personal details, or any data related to the user of the application. With the rise in AI models, the a need to pass data to the model to extract a better user experience or results to any query. Getting and storing data from users led us to the handling of data in terms of privacy.

Data has become some much in this world as it can change from basic purchasing decisions to threats like voting decision manipulation. Building an AI model requires tons of data to make it more accurate. Many a time source of this is not revealed. This kind of misuse of data can cause unnoticeable but significant damage to society. That’s why, the government around the world has implemented regulations regarding the privacy of user data. They have restricted any kind of misuse through data leaking or selling of data. It consists of a variety of laws.

So, today we are going to look into the laws that deal with the data. In this way, you can make sure that your product is not violating any law.

Let’s get started.

The information provided in this article is intended as a general guide and should not be construed as legal advice. It is crucial to consult with qualified legal professionals or experts to obtain advice tailored to your specific situation and to ensure compliance with applicable data privacy laws and regulations.

Laws around the world

There are many laws that have been implemented around the world by major governments and organizations. Let’s look into some of those regulations Acts:

  • General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) in Europe: This regulation is applied to businesses that are operating within the European Union. Also, those are targeting the citizens of the EU.
  • California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA) in the USA: As the name says it is applicable to the privacy rights of Californian residents. This law is also applicable to businesses around the USA if they meet certain criteria.
  • Personal Data Protection Bill in India: This is a law that aims to regulate the processing of personal data in India.
  • Personal Information Protection Law (PIPL) in China: China has a law for the data privacy of individuals.
  • Data Protection Act in the UK: After Brexit, the UK implemented its Data Protection Act for businesses.

These are some of the laws that are implemented across some of the major regions around the world. We are going to look into some of the command laws that are implemented across the Act. These regulations are the common ones across the Act.

Data Minimization and Purpose

This states that you should collect the data that is required. Do not collect unnecessary data that will not be helpful for the application. This law ensures that that data will not be beneficial to the user should not be collected.

Also, while collecting data, you should also provide the purpose of collecting that data. This will ensure that the user knows how this data will be used or required.

Consent Management

This states that you should obtain consent from the user before collecting and processing any data. Consent is necessary and the user should know what processes will be run on their data. Also, the user should have the option to withdraw from the consent at any time.

Data Security Measures

The collected data should be protected from unauthorized access. Data collected from users can be very sensitive in some cases. So, it became necessary to implement guidance to protect the data breaches. This can include encrypting the data(transit or rest), having backups, restricting unauthorized access, etc.

You should also perform regular checks to find any security vulnerabilities. According to any vulnerabilities apply and implement necessary protocols to secure data. Leaking or hacking of data should be minimized.

Data Subject Rights

The data that is collected from users should respect the individual’s rights. The right to access, rectify, erase, or port their data.

You should build your application to address this kind of functionality if requested by the user. These rights are designed to empower individuals and enhance their privacy and data protection in the digital age

Data Protection Impact Assessments(DPIAs)

This is also known as Privacy Impact Assessment in some regions. It is a process to help organizations identify, assess, and mitigate any risk associated with their data processing. This assessment ensures that data protection is considered throughout the application during the development phase.

While conducting DPIA an organization assesses the necessity and proportionality of the data processing activities. It checks whether it poses any potential risk to the individual's rights. By evaluating these, we can implement measures to minimize or eliminate the risk of any data privacy violation. It helps in ensuring compliance with the regulations.

Incident Response Plan

There should be a plan for the adversity that can happen with data such as data leaks or breaches. It can also with access, loss, disclosure, alteration, or destruction of sensitive data. The IRP focuses on swift incident identification, classification based on severity, containment to prevent further damage, eradication of the root cause, and systematic recovery, including data restoration and stakeholder communication.

This helps in minimizing the impact of security incidents and maintain customer trust. Regular testing, refinement, and adaptation of the IRP ensure its effectiveness against the evolving landscape of cyber threats, making it an indispensable tool for modern businesses and institutions.


These are some of the most common regulations that are applied throughout the world. Implementing this in your organization can result in better data handling and not violating any data protection laws. We do look at some of the major government and their laws about data protection, you can look into that for further understanding of the laws as per your working region.

I hope this article has helped you know more about the data protection laws. Thanks for reading the article.

Top comments (1)

koteisaev profile image
Kote Isaev - #StandWithUkraine

"In modern applications, the need for data from the user is rapidly increasing. " This is one of biggest lie of 21 century. Applications need a very limited subset of data from user:
1) account identity data (username, and sadly it become email for most apps for pure laziness and at expense of extra seconds during sign up)
2) authentication data (password OR third-party auth data like social media id)
3) password/account recovery data, usually email is enough
That is ALL data an app itself really NEED to know about the person who use software.
All other data is optional, and for most apps it is completely unnecessary and just part of harvesting people by data-hungry marketing department in hope to boost sales for another 0.00001% or 0.0001$ per account/month.