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Packages and Import in Go (Golang)

Packages and Import in Go:

Imagine you're cooking, and you have different boxes of ingredients. Each box has a label and contains specific ingredients for a particular recipe. In the Go programming language, these boxes are like "packages." They group together related functions and other pieces of code.

1. Explore the Go standard library:

  • What it means: Go has its collection of ready-made boxes (or packages) that offer many tools. It's like a chef's toolkit.

  • In simple terms: Just like a chef doesn't need to grow their vegetables, Go developers don't need to write common functions from scratch. They can use the tools Go provides.

2. Learn how to import packages:

  • What it means: Before you can use the tools in a box, you have to open it (or "import" it). This is like saying, "I want to use the tools from this box in my recipe."

  • In simple terms: It's like opening a specific spice box from your kitchen shelf to use the spices in your dish.

3. Create your own packages:

  • What it means: Apart from using the ready-made boxes from Go, you can also create your boxes with your unique ingredients or tools.

  • In simple terms: If you don't find the right spice mix in the market, you can make your blend and store it in a box. Later, you can use it in multiple dishes.

In Conclusion:

When you're programming in Go, packages help you keep things organized. You can use ready-made packages, or you can make your own. To use the tools or functions inside a package, you need to "import" it, just like opening a box to use the ingredients inside.

Exploring Go Standard Library:

  1. Official Documentation: The best place to start exploring the Go standard library is the official documentation. It offers an organized list of packages with descriptions.

  2. Some key packages include:

    • fmt: Formatting and printing.
    • net/http: Handling HTTP requests and building web servers.
    • os: OS-level functionality, like file handling.
    • strconv: Convert strings to basic data types.
    • math: Basic mathematical operations.
    • sort: Sorting slices.
    • sync: Synchronization primitives.
    • io and io/ioutil: Interfaces for I/O operations.

Importing Packages:

In Go, you can use the import keyword to include packages in your source code.

package main

import (

func main() {
    fmt.Println("Square root of 4:", math.Sqrt(4))
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Creating Your Own Packages:

  1. Structure: Organize your code into different directories. Each directory would correspond to a single package.

    For instance, if you have a project structure like:

    ├── main.go
    └── mypackage/
        └── mypackage.go

    Here, main.go can be in the main package, and mypackage.go would be part of the mypackage.

  2. Package Declaration: At the start of every Go file, you declare the package it belongs to:

    // mypackage/mypackage.go
    package mypackage
    func MyFunction() string {
        return "Hello from mypackage!"
  3. Using Your Package: Now, in main.go, you can import your custom package:

    // main.go
    package main
    import (
    func main() {

    When you run main.go, it will print Hello from mypackage!.

  4. Public vs Private: In Go, if an identifier (like a function, variable, or type) starts with an uppercase letter, it's exported (public). If it starts with a lowercase letter, it's unexported (private) and can't be accessed from outside its package.

  5. Go Modules: As your project grows and you start using external packages or want to make your package usable by others, you should learn about Go Modules. They are the official dependency management solution for Go. Using go mod init, you can initialize a new module, and with go get, you can fetch dependencies.


  1. Explore the Go standard library using the official documentation.
  2. Use the import keyword to use packages in your code.
  3. Structure your codebase into directories to create packages.
  4. Declare the package at the start of each Go file.
  5. Use uppercase for exported identifiers and lowercase for unexported.
  6. Learn about Go Modules for dependency management as your projects grow.

By mastering packages and imports in Go, you can create organized and modular code, taking full advantage of the rich standard library and the broader ecosystem.

Thank you for reading. I encourage you to follow me on Twitter where I regularly share content about JavaScript and React, as well as contribute to open-source projects and learning golang. I am currently seeking a remote job or internship.




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