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Divyanshu Shekhar
Divyanshu Shekhar

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Python Classmethod

Python’s classmethod is a special type of method that is bound to the class rather than an instance of the class. This means that you can call a classmethod on the class itself, rather than on an instance of the class. In this guide, we will explore the ins and outs of Python classmethod, including its syntax, uses, and benefits.

Understanding Python Methods

Before we dive into the world of Python classmethods, it’s essential to have a solid understanding of Python methods in general.

In Python, a method is a function that belongs to an object or a class. It allows us to perform specific actions or computations on the object it’s associated with.

Basics of Python Methods

In Python, methods are defined within the body of a class. They have access to the data and attributes of the class and can manipulate them as necessary.

When an object invokes a method, it passes itself as the first parameter to the method, conventionally named self. This parameter allows the method to access and manipulate the object’s state.

class MyClass:
    def my_method(self, arg1, arg2):
        # Access instance-specific data using self
        # Perform operations using arg1 and arg2
        return result
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Invoking Methods in Python

To invoke a method, we need an instance of the class. We create an instance by calling the class as if it were a function.

Once we have the instance, we can call its methods using the dot notation.

my_object = MyClass()  # Create an instance of MyClass
result = my_object.my_method(arg1_value, arg2_value)  # Invoke the method on the instance
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The self Parameter in Python

The self parameter is a convention in Python, and you can use any valid variable name in its place. However, it’s best to stick with the convention to maintain consistency and make your code more readable and understandable to other developers.

The self parameter allows methods to access and modify the attributes of the instance. By using self.attribute_name, you can access the instance’s attributes within the method. Similarly, by using self.attribute_name = value, you can modify the instance’s attributes.

class MyClass:
    def __init__(self, name): = name

    def greet(self):
        print(f"Hello, {}!")

my_object = MyClass("Alice")
my_object.greet()  # Output: Hello, Alice!
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What is a classmethod in Python?

A classmethod, as the name suggests, is a special type of method that belongs to a class rather than an instance of the class. Unlike regular methods, classmethods can be called on the class itself without the need to create an instance of the class.

They provide a way to access and manipulate class-specific data, perform operations that are independent of any particular instance, and enable alternative constructors for class instantiation.

A classmethod is defined using the @classmethod decorator. The decorator is placed above the method definition and indicates that the method is a classmethod.

Different Ways of Creating Python classmethod

Python provides multiple ways to create classmethods, each with its own advantages and use cases. Let’s explore the various techniques for defining classmethods and understand when and why you might choose one over the other.

1. Using the @classmethod Decorator

The most common and straightforward way to create a classmethod is by using the @classmethod decorator.

As mentioned earlier, this decorator is placed before the method definition to indicate that it should be treated as a classmethod.


class MyClass:
    def my_class_method(cls, arg1, arg2):
        # Access class-specific data using cls
        # Perform operations using arg1 and arg2
        return result
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In this approach, the cls parameter is automatically passed to the method, representing the class itself.

It allows you to access class-specific attributes and perform operations that are relevant to the class as a whole.

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