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Dipak Ahirav
Dipak Ahirav

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Getting Started with Next.js: Part 6 - Advanced Configuration and Optimization

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Welcome to Part 6 of our Next.js series! Today, we delve into some of the more advanced aspects of Next.js that can help you optimize and fine-tune your applications. We'll cover dynamic imports for better performance, how to customize the App and Document components, and the correct use of environment variables.

Dynamic Imports

Dynamic imports in Next.js allow you to import modules or components only when needed. This can significantly reduce the size of your initial page load, enhancing the overall performance of your application.

Implementing Dynamic Imports

  1. Use Dynamic Imports for Components:

    • Suppose you have a heavy component, such as a charting library, that is not required on the initial load. You can dynamically import it with Next.js:
     import dynamic from 'next/dynamic';
     const DynamicChart = dynamic(() => import('../components/Chart'), {
       loading: () => <p>Loading...</p>,
       ssr: false
     function HomePage() {
       return (
           <h1>Welcome to Next.js!</h1>
           <DynamicChart />
     export default HomePage;
  • In this example, DynamicChart is only loaded when the HomePage is rendered, reducing the initial load time.

Customizing the App and Document Components

Next.js allows you to override the default App and Document components, giving you more control over how your application behaves.

Custom App Component

  • The App component is used to initialize pages. You can override it to control page initialization, which is useful for keeping state when navigating between pages, handling global styles, or injecting additional data into pages.
  import '../styles/globals.css';

  function MyApp({ Component, pageProps }) {
    return <Component {...pageProps} />;

  export default MyApp;
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Custom Document Component

  • The Document component allows you to customize the HTML document structure. It's useful for augmenting your application's <html> and <body> tags, adding custom scripts, or managing external stylesheets.
  import Document, { Html, Head, Main, NextScript } from 'next/document';

  class MyDocument extends Document {
    render() {
      return (
          <Head />
            <Main />
            <NextScript />

  export default MyDocument;
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Using Environment Variables

Environment variables in Next.js help you manage different configurations for your development, staging, and production environments without exposing sensitive data.

Setting Up Environment Variables

  1. Create .env.local File:

    • Store your environment-specific variables in this file, which should not be committed to your source control:
  2. Accessing Environment Variables:

    • Use process.env to access your variables in your Next.js code:
     function DataFetchingComponent() {
       const apiUrl = process.env.NEXT_PUBLIC_API_URL;
       // Fetch data using apiUrl


By leveraging dynamic imports, customizing the App and Document components, and effectively using environment variables, you can greatly enhance the performance and maintainability of your Next.js applications.

Stay tuned for our next installment, where we will explore further optimization techniques and best practices in Next.js.

Top comments (1)

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Dipak Ahirav

Next part -> Part - 7