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C++, Forward declaration

Forward declaration is a powerful technique that allows us to declare a type without needing its full definition. This reduces the number of dependencies and can improve compilation times. It is particularly useful in large projects or library development.

Ex: class A header file (A.h)

// we don't need to include the header file B.h here
// #include "B.h" in A.cpp  to instantiate B object
class B;// forward declaration 
class A {
    B* pB;// ok
    B& rB;// ok
    //B ob;// error because compiler need to know the definition of class B
    void method() {
        //pB->dosomething(); error        
    void use_classB_method();

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Class A definition (A.cpp)

#include "B.h"
void A::use_classB_method() {
    pB = new B();
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