HTML is a formatting system of our documents over the internet. It is a short form of Hyper Text Markup Language. Mainly it gives the structure of Web Pages.
British scientist Sir Tim Berners-Lee first introduced with it at the CERN nuclear physics laboratory in Switzerland during the 1980s.
HTML markup tags specify document elements such as headings, paragraphs, and tables. They mark up a document for display by a computer program known as a Web browser. The browser interprets the tags, displaying the headings, paragraphs, and tables in a layout that is adapted to the screen size and fonts available to it. Although it also contain anchors which helps to hyperlink another web page.
So, a marked-up document contains two types of text:
- text to be displayed and
- markup language on how to display it.