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Jaime Hernández
Jaime Hernández

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What is Kafka and How to Implement it in NestJS

Apache Kafka

Apache Kafka is a distributed and scalable data processing platform used for real-time data streaming. It serves as a messaging and event streaming platform, facilitating the secure, reliable, and real-time transfer of data between applications and distributed systems.

Kafka operates on a publish-subscribe model, where data producers publish messages to a topic, and consumers subscribe to that topic to receive messages. Kafka can handle large volumes of real-time data and distribute them to multiple consumers in parallel.

Commonly, Kafka finds applications in enterprise solutions, especially those requiring high-speed, high-availability communication between distributed systems. Additionally, Kafka is a flexible platform that can be integrated with various programming languages and tools, boasting an active developer community contributing to its improvement and expansion.

Key features of Kafka include:

  • Horizontal scalability
  • Fault tolerance
  • Data replication
  • Storage capacity
  • Integration with data processing tools like Apache Spark, Apache Flink, and Apache Storm

Implementing Kafka in NestJS

To implement Kafka in NestJS, follow these steps:

  1. Step one
  2. Step two
  3. Step three
  • 1. Install the @nestjs/microservices and kafkajs packages using npm:
npm install @nestjs/microservices kafkajs
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  • 2. Create a Kafka module in NestJS using the NestJS generator:
nest generate module kafka
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  • 3. Import the KafkaModule in your main application:
import { KafkaModule } from './kafka/kafka.module';
  imports: [KafkaModule],
  controllers: [AppController],
  providers: [AppService],
export class AppModule {}
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  • 4. Create a Kafka service in the KafkaModule:
import { Injectable } from '@nestjs/common';
import { Kafka } from 'kafkajs';
export class KafkaService {
  private kafka;
  constructor() {
    this.kafka = new Kafka({
      clientId: 'your-client-id',
      brokers: ['kafka-broker1', 'kafka-broker2'],
  async sendMessage(topic: string, message: string) {
    const producer = this.kafka.producer();
    await producer.connect();
    await producer.send({
      messages: [{ value: message }],
    await producer.disconnect();
  async consumeMessages(topic: string) {
    const consumer = this.kafka.consumer({ groupId: 'group-id' });
    await consumer.connect();
    await consumer.subscribe({ topic, fromBeginning: true });
      eachMessage: async ({ topic, partition, message }) => {
        // Handle the received message
          value: message.value.toString(),
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  • 5. Add a controller in the KafkaModule to handle HTTP requests:
import { Controller, Get, Post, Body, Param } from '@nestjs/common';
import { KafkaService } from './kafka.service';
export class KafkaController {
  constructor(private readonly kafkaService: KafkaService) {}
  async sendKafkaMessage(@Param('topic') topic: string, @Body() message: { value: string }) {
    await this.kafkaService.sendMessage(topic, message.value);
  async consumeKafkaMessages(@Param('topic') topic: string) {
    await this.kafkaService.consumeMessages(topic);
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  • 6. Add the controller to the KafkaModule:
  controllers: [KafkaController],
  providers: [KafkaService],
export class KafkaModule {}
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  • 7. Start your application. These are the basic steps to implement Kafka in NestJS. Of course, there are many other configurations and options to consider, depending on your specific use case.

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