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Dana Woodman
Dana Woodman

Posted on • Updated on

How to add module import aliases in SvelteKit

UPDATE: the new Svelte FAQ now has this info in it (though I go into a little more detail here in case you're curious)

UPDATE 2: Updated examples to match the latest version of SvelteKit


Don't want to do relative imports (../../stores/user) and instead want to rock some sexy absolute imports ($stores/user)?

Well you're in luck because, with SvelteKit, you can add as many custom module import aliases as you want.

In this (very short) tutorial, I'm going to add two aliases, one for my src/components directory (which I'm renaming from src/lib because reasons) and adding src/stores for, well, my stores. Let's go! 🏃‍♀️


Add aliases to svelte.config.cjs

Add any aliases you want in your svelte.config.cjs file at the root of your project. We will add a resolve object to kit.vite.resolve with an object of our aliases.

Here is the approximate diff you should see when you're done:

import preprocess from 'svelte-preprocess';
+ import { resolve } from "path";

/** @type {import('@sveltejs/kit').Config} */
const config = {
    // Consult https://github.com/sveltejs/svelte-preprocess
    // for more information about preprocessors
    preprocess: preprocess(),

    kit: {
        // hydrate the <div id="svelte"> element in src/app.html
-       target: '#svelte'
+       target: '#svelte',
+       vite: {
+           resolve: {
+               alias: {
+                   $components: resolve('./src/components'),
+                   $stores: resolve('./src/stores'),
+                   $actions: resolve('./src/actions')
+               }
+           }
+       }
    }
};

export default config;
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Now you should be able to import your stuff from anywhere using your new aliases, like:

import Counter from '$components/Counter'
import { user } from '$stores/auth'
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Obviously you can add as many as you want and can also link to directories other than src. Have at it!


Adding Typescript aliases

If you're using Typescript, make sure to update your tsconfig.json with your aliases so they match that of your svelte.config.cjs:

{
    "compilerOptions": {
        "moduleResolution": "node",
        "module": "es2020",
        "lib": ["es2020"],
        "target": "es2019",
        /**
            svelte-preprocess cannot figure out whether you have a value or a type, so tell TypeScript
            to enforce using \`import type\` instead of \`import\` for Types.
            */
        "importsNotUsedAsValues": "error",
        "isolatedModules": true,
        "resolveJsonModule": true,
        /**
            To have warnings/errors of the Svelte compiler at the correct position,
            enable source maps by default.
            */
        "sourceMap": true,
        "esModuleInterop": true,
        "skipLibCheck": true,
        "forceConsistentCasingInFileNames": true,
        "baseUrl": ".",
        "allowJs": true,
        "checkJs": true,
        "paths": {
-           "$lib/*": ["src/lib/*"]
+           "$components/*": ["src/components/*"],
+           "$stores/*": ["src/stores/*"],
+           "$actions/*": ["src/actions/*"]
        }
    },
    "include": ["src/**/*.d.ts", "src/**/*.js", "src/**/*.ts", "src/**/*.svelte"]
}

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Fin

That's all there is to it, hope this saves you some keystrokes! 🍻


Thanks for reading! Consider giving this post a ❤️, 🦄 or 🔖 to bookmark it for later. 💕

Have other tips, ideas, feedback or corrections? Let me know in the comments! 🙋‍♂️

Don't forget to follow me on Dev.to (danawoodman), Twitter (@danawoodman) and/or Github (danawoodman)!

Photo by Joshua Aragon on Unsplash

Discussion (2)

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hmiiro profile image
Hassan Miiro

This is super cool. first read it somewhere but it was giving me errors on of module not found. i realised from here that in ts you have to include "/*" at the end of paths and reference...it works like charm!

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chiubaca profile image
Alex Chiu

perfect