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Testing `gedit` external tools for executing codes in Linux standard text editor.

Dimas Wihandono
whoami
・3 min read

Background

Text editors support us to create and write codes in various programming languages. In several text editors (such as Visual Studio Code), they can also execute code written without executing or compiling the code in external terminal.

Many operating systems has their own standard text editor such as Linux with its own text editor gedit. Unlike other standard text editors, gedit has special features. It can highlight codes based on code written, and it can also execute codes using plugins!

I'm currently using Ubuntu 18.04 as primary operating system and get interested to try external tools plugin in gedit which has been installed by default in Ubuntu 18.04.

Methodology

By opening Text Editor first

opened text editor

By clicking text editor menu on the Top Bar and accessing the preferences...

text editor menu
text editor preferences

Accessing Plugins tab, we can enable "External Tools" by checking it and finally use it...

external tools enabled

Finally, we can create some extra commands for executing code externally by access external tools menu (by clicking Text Editor menu -> Manage External Tools...).

external tools

By clicking the plus sign button in the bottom left corner, it will create the new empty tool). There are interesting stuffs that we can see with this external tools menu

  • Space for writing external tools command (usually using Linux bash code, but in my observation it can also use Python).
  • Shortcut key for triggering keyboard shortcut to execute the commands.
  • Input for specify the input source (if the program receives some input).
  • Output for specify the output.
  • Applicability for specify which document supports for this external tool command.

new external tool command

for example, I would like to execute some JavaScript code using external tools. We knew that we can use node appname.js for executing JavaScript file using Node.js (assuming Node.js has already installed). By typing the command inside the space,

node $GEDIT_CURRENT_DOCUMENT_NAME
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and applying shortcut using F5, we have successfully created our first external command. $GEDIT_CURRENT_DOCUMENT_NAME is some gedit variable that we can see in this link.

first external tools command

Simulation

Let's test our command in our simple JS file by pressing F5 and we found show the results based on Node.js command.

command output

Let's try the another external code for opening files such as Python and JavaScript by typing this code and same shortcut.

#!/bin/sh
TYPE=$GEDIT_CURRENT_DOCUMENT_TYPE
APP_NAME=$GEDIT_CURRENT_DOCUMENT_NAME

# checking file mime-type
# $TYPE

# switch conditional
case $TYPE in
    ## nodejs
    "application/javascript")
        node $APP_NAME
        echo "Nodejs file executed"
    ;;
    ## python
    "text/x-python")
        python3 $APP_NAME
        echo "Python file executed"
    ;;
    ## else
    *)
        echo "Not supported programming file"
    ;;
esac
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another command

It executes successfully on JavaScript file (Node.js)

output js

And it also executes successfully on Python file

output python

Conclusion

In conclusion, gedit can executes file externally using external tools. By using some bash code, it can used for create command for execute codes for various functions.

Some reference(s)

Discussion (1)

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coldang profile image
Coldang

i try this for python3 but not succes.